Hoenderloo

Hoenderloo
Heldring Church in 2006
Heldring Church in 2006
Hoenderloo is located in Gelderland
Hoenderloo
Hoenderloo
Location in the province of Gelderland
Hoenderloo is located in Netherlands
Hoenderloo
Hoenderloo
Hoenderloo (Netherlands)
Coordinates: 52°7′5″N 5°52′49″E / 52.11806°N 5.88028°E / 52.11806; 5.88028Coordinates: 52°7′5″N 5°52′49″E / 52.11806°N 5.88028°E / 52.11806; 5.88028
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGelderland
MunicipalityApeldoorn
Ede
Area
[1]
 • Total48.78 km2 (18.83 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total1,500
 • Density31/km2 (80/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7351[1]
Dialing code055
Websitewww.hoenderloo.nl

Hoenderloo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦundərloː]) is a Dutch village located south west of the city of Apeldoorn. Most of the village is part of the municipality of Apeldoorn, but a small part belongs to the municipality of Ede, among which the hamlet Hoog Baarlo [nl].

The village is located in the Southern part of the Veluwe and close to the national park Hoge Veluwe and the Deelerwoud. It is a very touristic village, with a large number of camping sites, recreation parks, restaurants, hotels and shops.

History

It was first mentioned in 1748 as "Hoender Lo Struycken", and means forest with galliformes.[3] In 1813, the shephard Albert Brinkenberg becomes the first official resident. In 1840, there were 24 sod houses at the site.[4]

In 1841, during his travels the vicar Ottho Heldring stumbled upon the remote village and decided to invest in the village by building a well, a school in 1846 and a church in 1858.[5][4]

In 1848, a predecessor of the current Hoenderloo Group, at that time an institution for underprivileged boys, was founded. The current incarnation of this institution is still referred to as “The Boys House”, although it is not only for boys any more.[5]

In the late-19th century, Hoenderloo became home to nobility and rich businesspeople who built their country estates. The area later developed into a recreational site for tourists.[4]

The inn "De Woeste Hoeve" is located to the east of Hoenderloo and was built in 1771 along the road from Apeldoorn to Arnhem.[5] In March 1945, there was attempted assassination of Hanns Albin Rauter, the highest SS and Police Leader of the Netherlands, at De Woeste Hoeve. As a reprisal 117 people from various prisons were executed near De Woeste Hoeve on 8 March 1945. In 1992, a monument was revealed at the spot with the list of their names except for one who is still unidentified.[6]

Jachthuis Sint-Hubertus [nl] is a former residence of the Kröller-Müller couple (Anton [nl] and Helene) designed by Hendrik Petrus Berlage which was completed in 1920.[7] In 1935, the building was donated to the Dutch States. It is sometimes open for visitors.[8]

Sports and recreation

The village is located along the European hiking route E11, locally known as the Marskramerpad or Handelsweg. The E11 runs all the way from The Hague to the east, at the present time all the way to the border between Poland and Lithuania. The town's football club was s.v. Beatrix.[9]

Notable residents

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 19 March 2022. Stats are for Apeldoorn only
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 7351AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Hoenderloo". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "Hoenderloo". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b c Ronald Stenvert & Sabine Broekhoven (2000). "Hoenderloo" (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. ISBN 90 400 9406 3. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  6. ^ "Locatie & Monument De Woeste Hoeve". Traces of War (in Dutch). Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Jachthuis Sint Hubertus". Hoge Veluwe (in Dutch). Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Jachthuis Sint Hubertus". Cultuurwijzer (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 5 November 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  9. ^ "History of s.v. Beatrix". Archived from the original on 10 September 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.

External links

  • Hoenderloo.nl (in Dutch)
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