Help:Special page

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Special pages are pages generated by the software on demand for special purposes, usually related to project maintenance. They are found in the Special: namespace, a virtual namespace whose pages lack corresponding talk pages. They are not written in wikitext and cannot be directly edited but elements of their pages can sometimes be edited through corresponding pages in the MediaWiki namespace. If you make a normal redirect to a special page, the redirect will not be immediately followed (though special pages can be targets of soft redirects), and directly creating any pages beginning with the Special: prefix is also not possible.

Special pages often take parameters. Sometimes these can be supplied after a slash (as in Special:Log/block); in other cases an index.php call is used; for example Also, the content of most special pages depends on preferences that have been set by the user, e.g. classic or enhanced Recent Changes, the number of titles in Recent Changes and the watchlist, etc.

A directory of special pages available for the current user can be accessed from Special:SpecialPages, which is found in the sidebar of every page on Wikipedia in the Tools section.

Modifying special pages

Although special pages are not themselves editable, they generally contain standard text which is modifiable (although only by administrators). To find the right portion of text, append ?uselang=qqx to the special page URL, or append &uselang=qqx instead if the URL already contains a ?. This will reveal message names in parentheses. Then, go to that name in the MediaWiki namespace. For example, Special:BookSources?uselang=qqx reveals "(booksources-summary)", so MediaWiki:Booksources-summary is used on that page. To propose a modification, leave an {{edit fully-protected}} request on the talk page of the relevant MediaWiki page. An administrator will make the change if it seems appropriate.

Available special pages

General information

Page listings


Latest changes


Global users





The following pages can be accessed only by users with certain privileges.

Infrequently updated

The following special pages are updated on a less regular schedule. Some of these pages may have analogues on cloud services.

  • Special:AncientPages (Dormant pages): pages in the main namespace, in order of last edit. See Wikipedia:Database reports/Forgotten articles. Updated on the 8th and 22nd of each month.[2]
  • Special:DeadendPages: pages without any outgoing links. Updated on the 9th and 23rd of each month.[3]
  • Special:FewestRevisions (Pages with the fewest revisions): lists articles with the fewest revisions. Updated on the 13th and 27th of each month.[4]
  • Special:LonelyPages (Orphaned pages): i.e. articles with no links to them in the wiki. Updated on the 15th of every month.[5]
  • Special:MostCategories (Pages with the most categories): lists articles whose number of categories is largest. Updated on the 16th of every month.[6]
  • Special:MostLinkedCategories (Most linked-to categories): lists categories with the most pages. Updated on the 17th of every month.[7]
  • Special:MostLinkedPages (Most linked-to pages): lists pages linked from the largest number of other pages. Updated on the 10th and 24th of each month.[8]
  • Special:MostLinkedTemplates or Special:MostTranscludedPages (Most transcluded pages): lists templates for which the number of pages in which the template is transcluded is largest, not counting transclusions through redirects. Updated on the 18th of every month.[9]
  • Special:MostRevisions (Pages with the most revisions): lists articles with the most revisions. Updated on the 11th and 25th of each month.[10]
  • Special:UncategorizedCategories Updated on the 19th of every month.[11]
  • Special:WantedPages Updated on the 12th and 26th of each month.[12]
  • Special:WantedTemplates Updated on the 20th of every month.[13]

Linking and transcluding

To create a link to a special page:

It can take a label:

  • [[Special:PrefixIndex/HMS|All HMSs]]All HMSs

To present the list on a page, transclude the name:

  • {{Special:PrefixIndex/HMS}}

However, some pages cannot be transcluded and would produce only a wikilink (e.g., {{Special:Random}}Special:Random). When non-existent pages are linked or transcluded, a red link is produced (e.g., Special:RedLinkExample).[a]

More information on transcludable special pages can be found at Help:Transclusion#Special pages.

Links containing URL query strings

Because the ampersand character (&) is disallowed, it is not possible to create an ordinary link containing &action=edit or &redirect=no in the URL query string.

Special pages in other languages

The term in the site language equivalent to the English word "Special" and the special page name in English (e.g. "Special:Statistics") is used in each project, for example:

  • "Especial:Estadísticas" in Spanish
  • "Speciaal:Statistieken" in Dutch
  • "Spécial:Statistiques" in French
  • "Spezial:Statistik" in German

These also appear in the URLs. The English word "Special" and the special page name in English (e.g. "Special:Statistics") always works, even on foreign-language sites, but non-English equivalents don't work on English-language projects, nor on other-language project besides the language edition one is on.

See also

  • Writing a new special page on the MediaWiki site
  • Special page extensions: MediaWiki category
  • Help:Special page on Meta


  1. ^ MediaWiki:Nospecialpagetext is the message displayed for non-existent special pages. However, Special:BadTitle is peculiar as it has actual viewable content but is a red link, which is because this special page was intentionally and by design to be considered non-existent (unlike all other valid page names.) See phab:T262959 for more details.


  1. ^ Wikipedia:Wikipedia Signpost/Newsroom/Suggestions/Archive 18#Volunteer-initiated extension to be deployed to Wikimedia sites
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^

External links

  • MediaWiki special page class definitions
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