Hayden, Arizona

Hayden, Arizona
Welcome to Hayden, August 2019
Welcome to Hayden, August 2019
Hayden, Arizona is located in Arizona
Hayden, Arizona
Hayden, Arizona
Hayden, Arizona is located in the United States
Hayden, Arizona
Hayden, Arizona
Coordinates: 33°00′17″N 110°47′07″W / 33.00472°N 110.78528°W / 33.00472; -110.78528Coordinates: 33°00′17″N 110°47′07″W / 33.00472°N 110.78528°W / 33.00472; -110.78528
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyGila
Area
[1]
 • Total1.27 sq mi (3.30 km2)
 • Land1.26 sq mi (3.28 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
2,044 ft (623 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total512
 • Density404.74/sq mi (156.23/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST (no DST))
GNIS feature ID5646[2]
Websitewww.townofhaydenaz.gov
Former Valley National Bank building, built 1912

Hayden is a town in Gila and Pinal counties in Arizona, United States.[2] According to the 2010 census, the population of the town was 662.[3]

History

Hayden was founded in 1909 and owned by the Kennecott Copper Corp. In 1912, the company built a 1,000 ft (300 m) smelter named the "Hayden Smelter". It was the tallest smelter chimney in Arizona.[4][5] The mine is now owned by the American Smelting and Refining Company.[6] The town is now in the process of becoming a ghost town.

One of the main reasons the people are abandoning the town is that the crime rate is much higher in Hayden than the Arizona average crime rate. It is also much higher than the national average crime rate in the rest of the United States.[7]

Pollution is another factor which has contributed to the abandonment of the town by its residents. The illegal amounts of lead, arsenic and eight other dangerous compounds released by the smelter were so huge that in 2011, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) took action against the smelter.[8]

Hayden's economy began to decline as the mine veins became depleted. The crime rate rose and residents began to move out. There were also political scandals.[4][5] Businesses closed, and churches, schools and houses were abandoned or burned. The Valley National Bank abandoned its building, and it now occupied by the Hayden Police Department. According to the mayor, Bob Smith, Hayden has more police cars than police officers.[4][5]

Geography

Hayden is adjacent to Winkelman.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19401,577
19501,494−5.3%
19601,76017.8%
19701,283−27.1%
19801,205−6.1%
1990909−24.6%
2000892−1.9%
2010662−25.8%
2020512−22.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

At the 2000 census there were 892 people, 288 households, and 222 families living in the town. The population density was 707.1 inhabitants per square mile (273.0/km2). There were 334 housing units at an average density of 264.8 per square mile (102.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 57.0% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 35.1% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. 84.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[10] Of the 288 households, 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 21.5% of households were one person and 9.0% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.56.

The age distribution was 33.2% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

The median household income was $24,293 and the median family income was $26,964. Males had a median income of $35,521 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,797. About 20.1% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.2% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The economic base of Hayden's economy is the Asarco Hayden Smelter.[11]

Notable people

  • Dick Tuck (1924–2018), politician consultant, was born in Hayden.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hayden
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  4. ^ a b c "Old mining town of Hayden sees its last days". AZ Central. April 24, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c Hayden Arizona all American mining town
  6. ^ Historic Mining Town Arizona Copper
  7. ^ Hayden, AZ Crime and Crime Rate
  8. ^ Arizona Mine Town: Hayden
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ ASACO GRUPO MEXICO-Hayden Operations
  12. ^ 'Dick Tuck, Democratic prankster who targeted Nixon, dies at 94,' The Washington Post, Tom Hamburger, May 29, 2018

External links

  • History of Hayden (scroll down)
  • EPA Takes Action Against Toxic Arizona Copper Plant, NPR story on Hayden, with video
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