Halk Hakydasy Memorial Complex

Coordinates: 37°56′08″N 58°19′00″E / 37.935671°N 58.316680°E / 37.935671; 58.316680

Monument Ruhy Tagzym

Halk Hakydasy Memorial Complex (People's Memory) is a memorial complex to the honor of those killed in the Battle of Geok Tepe in 1881, in World War II, and in the 1948 Ashgabat earthquake. It is in the southwestern part of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.[1][2]

History

Construction began in September 2012 by the Turkish company Polimeks.[3] On October 5, 2014, the memorial was given the official name the Halk Hakydasy (People’s Memory).[4][5] The memorial complex opened on October 6, 2014, on Memorial Day, with the participation of the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.[6] In 2020, the diamond jubilee of the victory in the Great Patriotic War was celebrated with a military parade and festive celebrations at the complex. This was the first ever Victory Parade to be held since Turkmen independence was attained, being held in front of a square at the complex.[7][8] Soldiers of the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan took part in the parade, which was attended by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow and Russian Deputy Minister of Defence Alexander Fomin.[9]

Architectural ensemble

The memorial complex covers 650 thousand square meters, being 916 meters long and 626 meters wide. The complex includes a monument erected in honor of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945),[10] and the memorial perpetuating the memory of the heroes who died during the battle near Geok Depe and the casualties of the 1948 Ashgabat earthquake.[11] Also built in the memorial is a museum. There are buildings for the Muslim rite sadaqah. Near the monuments are fountains, lawns and flower beds, paved paths, installed decorative lamps and benches. At night, the complex is illuminated by searchlights.

Monument Ruhy Tagzym

A monument dedicated to the victims of the 1948 Ashgabat earthquake. The bronze sculpture is 10 meters high, mounted on a marble podium, rising above an area of 24 meters, a monument built on the initiative of Saparmurat Niyazov as a mighty bull tossing the world on its horns, and the bodies of the dead people, and on top a woman, with her last desperate hand movements saving her baby, lifting it over the ruins of the city. Until 2012 it was in the central square of Ashgabat.[12] The basis of the design of the monument (image) is an ancient legend about a fantastic bull holding the Earth on its horns, and its bellowing is heard as underground earthquake noises.

Monument Baky şöhrat (Eternal glory)

The eternal glory memorial

Monument to those who fell in the 1941-1945 Great Patriotic War. Until 2014 it was called the "Eternal Flame" and was in the center of Ashgabat; it was dismantled in the reconstruction of the park area. The new monument is significantly different from the former; four 27-meter high steles embodying the unfolding flower, were replaced with five steles with a base in the form of an eight-pointed star. The monument was unveiled in 1970 in honor of the 25th anniversary of the Victory.[13]

Monument Milletiň ogullary (Sons of the nation)

The monument depicts the Mother bowing her head and holding her son in an arm. Until 2014, the monument was in the center of Ashgabat. It was built in commemoration of the heroes of other battles for the Motherland (Turkmenistan).[14]

Museum "Watan mukaddesligi" ("The sanctity of the homeland")

The museum has two halls - Ýer titreme (Museum of the earthquake) and Sowes (War Museum). The hall dedicated to the memory of the defenders of the fortress Geok Tepe, is the layout of the fortress, the real cold and firearms, clothing and military equipment, combatants, archival documents and photographs, diorama of the Battle of Geok Tepe. In the room dedicated to Turkmen citizens who fell in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 is an exhibition of works of Turkmen painters, graphic artists, sculptors, and ceramists. A separate exposition hall has reconstructed pictures of the Ashgabat earthquake, photographs and exhibits of documentary chronicles.[15]

References

  1. ^ Посещение Мемориального комплекса «Народная память» Archived 2014-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Президент Туркменистана принял участие в открытии мемориального комплекса и траурных мероприятиях Дня памяти
  3. ^ Turkish “Polimeks” to build memorial complex in Ashgabat
  4. ^ Kazakh President visits ‘People’s memory’ memorial complex in Ashgabat
  5. ^ "Указ Президента Туркменистана". Archived from the original on 2020-07-13. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  6. ^ "President of Turkmenistan attends the opening ceremony of the new Memorial complex". Archived from the original on 2020-07-15. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  7. ^ "В Туркменистане началось празднование 75-летия Победы". Arzuw NEWS - новости Туркменистана (in Russian). 2020-05-05. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  8. ^ "В Туркменистане готовятся 9 Мая провести военный парад в честь Дня Победы". inbusiness.kz. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  9. ^ "В Туркменистане торжественно отметили 75-летие Победы | Общество".
  10. ^ Turkmenistan solemnly celebrates 70th anniversary of Victory
  11. ^ "President of Turkmenistan attends the opening ceremony of the new Memorial complex". Archived from the original on 2020-07-15. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  12. ^ "Ашхабадский монумент памяти погибших в результате землетрясения 1948 года меняет место расположения". Archived from the original on 2015-05-11. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  13. ^ "Монумент "Вечный огонь" перенесен в новый Мемориальный комплекс". Archived from the original on 2014-10-19. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  14. ^ "President of Turkmenistan attends the opening ceremony of the new Memorial complex". Archived from the original on 2020-07-15. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  15. ^ "Президент Туркменистана принял участие в открытии Мемориального комплекса и поминальной церемонии по случаю Дня памяти". Archived from the original on 2019-12-21. Retrieved 2015-06-05.

External links

  • Memorial Park in Ashgabat
  • Asgabat Memorial Park
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