|14th Gibraltar Parliament|
|Sovereign||Monarch of the United Kingdom|
Melvyn Farrell (non-affiliated)
since 19 November 2019
Leader of The House
Leader of The Opposition
|17 October 2019|
|on or before 28 February 2024|
|Parliament building, John Mackintosh Square, Gibraltar|
The House of Assembly, set up under the 1969 constitution, was a unicameral body originally consisting of 15 members elected by the Gibraltar electorate, plus two appointed members including the Attorney-General. The term "House of Assembly" has been commonly used for the legislatures of British territories that are less than fully sovereign. It was replaced by the current Gibraltar Parliament by the new 2006 constitution, reflecting an increase in its sovereignty. All 17 of the new Parliament's members are elected.
Under the election system, each voter was allowed to vote for ten members of the Assembly. Due to the small area of Gibraltar and its territorial continuity, precincts served only as polling places, not political units, and there are no electoral districts served by the members, who were instead elected "at large" to serve the territory as a whole.
The system lends itself to block voting – each of the parties or electoral coalitions tended to nominate a slate of ten candidates and encourage its supporters to vote for all of them. In most cases, the winning party or coalition would have all ten of its nominees elected, with the other seven elected members coming from the second-place party.
The Parliament sits in a building overlooking Main Street and John Mackintosh Square. It was constructed in 1817 and previously served as the Exchange and Commercial Library. In 1951, the building was refurbished to host the Legislative Council. Under the 1969 Constitution, the House of Assembly was established, superseding the Legislative Council. The first session of the House of Assembly was opened on 28 August 1969 by the then Governor, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Varyl Begg.
The 17 Members of the Gibraltar Parliament, as of the most recent election, are:
Summary of the 17 October 2019 Gibraltar Parliament election results
|Alliance||Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party||58,576||37.00||-10.8||7||41.2||±0|
|Liberal Party of Gibraltar||24,546||15.50||-5.1||3||17.6||±0|
|Gibraltar Social Democrats||40,453||25.55||-6.0||6||35.3||-1|
|Total votes cast||17,135||100|
|Source: Parliament of Gibraltar Archived 18 October 2019 at the Wayback Machine, Gibraltar Parliament General Election, Registered|
- Gibraltar Constitution Order 2006
- 2006 Gibraltarian constitutional referendum
- Speaker of the Gibraltar Parliament
- Official website