Ghatshila

Ghatshila
Census Town
Rankini Temple, Ghatshila
Rankini Temple, Ghatshila
Ghatshila is located in Jharkhand
Ghatshila
Ghatshila
Location in Jharkhand, India
Ghatshila is located in India
Ghatshila
Ghatshila
Ghatshila (India)
Coordinates: 22°34′48″N 86°27′15″E / 22.5801°N 86.4543°E / 22.5801; 86.4543Coordinates: 22°34′48″N 86°27′15″E / 22.5801°N 86.4543°E / 22.5801; 86.4543
Country India
State Jharkhand
DistrictEast Singhbhum
Elevation
103 m (338 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total40,624
 • RankClass III
Demographics
 • Literacy rate83.8%
 • Official languagesHindi, English, Bengali
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
832303
Telephone/STD code0657
Vehicle registrationJH 05
Literacy85.03%
Lok Sabha constituencyJamshedpur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyGhatsila
Websitejamshedpur.nic.in

Ghatshila is a census town in the Ghatshila CD block in the Ghatshila subdivision of the East Singhbhum district, in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

History

Legend says that the royal family of the Kingdom of Dhalbhum had originated from the northwest (Dhara and Mandu), located at the border of Rajasthan. Legend goes on to say that around 1300 AD, Dhalbhum was wrested from him by Raja Jagat Deo from Jagner near Dholpur and belonged to Dhar in Malwa Rajputana, who later assumed the name of Raja Jagannath Deo Dhabal Deb I. Originally Raja Jaganath Deo Dhabal Deb I belonged to the Parmar Rajput clan from Dhar in Malwa. They established themselves by conquest in western part of Bengal, the area commonly known as Jungle Mahals. These families kept up a sort of semi-royal state and dignified their heir-apparent and those in immediate succession with title of honor, which denotes precedence. Thus, in the Dhalbhum family, the oldest son of the ruling king (Rajah) took the title of Jubraj, the second that of Hikkim, the third of Barathakur, the fourth that of Kuar, the fifth that of Musib and the rest Babu.

The area of the kingdom of Dhalbhum was approximately 1,200-square-mile (3,100 km2). Raja Jaganath constructed the Rankini Mandir at Galudih. But due to some problem, he shifted the Kali temple along with all the associates and other people to Ghatsila and built up a temple of goddess Kali, beside Ghatshila police station which is known as Rankini Mata.

Ghatshila was the administrative capital of Dhalbhum & Jamboni Zamindari. Ghatshila has several palaces, schools and administrative buildings constructed by the rulers of Dhalbhum zamindari.

Raja Jagadish Chandra Deo Dhabal Deb of Dhalbhum & Jamboni Zamindari was the last recognised ruler of Dhalbhum & Jamboni Zamindari.

Rebellions

In 1766, Raja Jagannath Singh, a zamindar of Dampara of Ghatsila in Dhalbhum, revolted against the enhanced revenue taxes of the British East India Company. This revolt is well known as Chuar revolt, the first revolt against British East India Company in Bengal Presidency.[1][2]

The British removed Raja Jagannath Deo Dhabal Deb VI, the ruler of Dhalbhum, from his throne and made Baikunth Dhal (Nemu Dhal) the king. Unhappy with the decision, Raja Jagannath Dhal revolted, called Dhal revolt. In which the Rajah of Jhargram and Raja Jagannath Singh, the zamindar of Ghatsila, assisted him. The English Company sent Lieutenant Rook and Charles Magan to suppress the rebellion. In 1777, the British re-proclaimed Jagannath Dhal as the king, after which the rebellion was quelled.[3][4]

Geography

Cities, towns and locations in East Singhbhum district in Kolhan Division (Locations around Jamshedpur are shown in the Jamshedpur Urban Agglomeration map - see Bagbera Colony page)
M: municipality, R: rural/ urban centre, CT: census town, T: tourist centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Ghatshila is located at 22°36′N 86°29′E / 22.60°N 86.48°E / 22.60; 86.48.[5] It has an average elevation of 103 m (338 ft).

Subarnarekha river at Ghatshila

It is 45 km from Jamshedpur. The town is located on the bank of the Subarnarekha River, and it is situated in a forested area. It contains a railway station on the main line of the South Eastern Railway. Ghatsila was formerly the headquarters of the kingdom of Dhalbhum.

Ghatsila has its diversity with dams, falls, rivers, forest, mountains and valley. The scenes are breathtaking especially at sunset. It has a township as well as a village touch. There are areas where people still do farming for a living; these areas are untouched and unexplored.

There is a community development block named Ghatshila block, which has its headquarters at Ghatshila. This block was established on 4 May 1962.

Area overview

The area shown in the map “forms a part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau and is a hilly upland tract”. The main rivers draining the district are the Subarnarekha and the Kharkai.[6] The area lying between Jamshedpur and Ghatshila is the main industrial mining zone. The rest of the district is primarily agricultural. In the district, as of 2011, 56.9% of the population lives in the rural areas and a high 43.1% lives in the urban areas.[7]

Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the district. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

Civic administration

There is a police station at Ghatshila.[8]

Demographics

According to the 2011 Census of India, Ghatshila had a total population of 40,624, of which 20,912 (51%) were males and 17,912 (49%) were females. Population in the age range 0–6 years was 4,292. The total number of literate persons in Ghatshila was 30,892 (85.03% of the population over 6 years).[9]

(*For language details see Ghatshila block#Language and religion)

As of 2001 India census,[10] Ghatshila had a population of 37,850. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ghatshila has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. In Ghatshila, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religion

Religion in Ghatshila (2011).

  Hinduism (76.66%)
  Islam (11.56%)
  Sikhism (2.28%)
  Christianity (1.62%)
  Other religions/Not stated (7.87%)

Hinduism is the dominant religion in Ghatshila, followed by 76.66% of the population. Islam is a significant minority, followed by 11.56% of the population. Other religions with a significant number of adherents include Sikhism (2.28%) and Christianity (1.62%).[11]

Languages

Languages spoken in Ghatshila town (2011)[12]

  Bengali (50.64%)
  Hindi (22.68%)
  Urdu (7.59%)
  Santali (6.40%)
  Odia (5.24%)
  Others (7.45%)

According to 2011 census, Bengali was the most spoken language in Ghatshila town with 20,572 speakers followed by Hindi at 9,215, Urdu at 3,085, Santali at 2,602 and Odia at 2,130.[13]

Infrastructure

According to the District Census Handbook 2011, Purbi Singhbhum, Ghatshila covered an area of 15.97 km2 (6.17 sq mi). It has an annual rainfall of 1,030.2 mm (40.56 in). Among the civic amenities, it had 24 km (15 mi) of roads with both closed and open drains, the protected water supply involved hand pump, tap water from treated sources, overhead tank. It had 8,153 domestic electric connections, 116 road lighting points. Among the medical facilities, it had 1 hospital (with 70 beds), 20 dispensaries, 20 health centres, 1 family welfare centre, 1 maternity and child welfare centre, 2 nursing homes, 1 veterinary hospital, 25 medicine shops. Among the educational facilities it had 16 primary schools, 5 middle schools, 4 secondary schools, 3 senior secondary schools, the nearest general degree college at Jamshedpur, 12 km (7.5 mi) away. It had 1 non-formal education centre (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan), Among social, cultural and recreational facilities, it had 1 stadium, 1 cinema theatre, 1 auditorium/ community hall, 2 public libraries, 2 reading rooms. An important commodity it produced was copper. It had the branch offices of 3 nationalised banks, 1 private commercial bank, 1 cooperative bank, 1 agricultural credit society.[14]

Economy

HCL copper smelter

Hindustan Copper Limited is located at Moubhandar, a mile away. This is the chief employer or indirect source of income for the people of Ghatshila, Moubhandar, Musabani and nearby villages. Ghatshila is best known for these mines because they are Asia's first copper mines[citation needed] and the world's second deepest mines[citation needed].

Transport

Ghatshila railway station

Ghatshila is connected to most of the important stations in Bihar and Jharkhand through rail and road network. Jamshedpur is at a distance of 45 km (by road) and 37 km (by railroad) west of this town. Most of the trains running from Kharagpur that goes to west towards Jamshedpur, have a stoppage here. Distance between Ghatsila and Kharagpur is about 98 km.

By rail

It is a railway station on the Kharagpur-Tatanagar section of Howrah–Mumbai track, 215 km from Howrah. Notable trains which stop here are Ispat Express (train no. 12781/12782), Kurla–Howrah Express (train no. 18030/18029), Steel Express (train no. 12813/12814). It is well connected to 3 metros in India namely Mumbai (by Bombay Express), Kolkata (many trains starting from 6 o'clock in the morning by Steel Express to midnight at 1.15 by Samleshwari Exp) and New Delhi (by Neelachal Express, Purushottam Express and Utkal Express). There are many local Passenger trains connecting Jamshedpur and Kharagpur with Ghatshila.

By road

It is about 240 km from Kolkata. Those traveling from Kolkata first have to take NH 6 to Baharagora and then take the road to Jamshedpur. Buses plying between Kharagpur and Jamshedpur pass through Ghatshila. Buses plying from Bhubaneswar or Kolkata to Jamshedpur or Ranchi also pass through Ghatshila. By road Jamshedpur is 45 km away. There are many buses connecting Ghatsila to Jamshedpur daily, from morning 6 o'clock to evening 5 o'clock. There are two routes connecting Jamshedpur to Ghatsila, one route through NH33 and another route through Jadugoda.

Media

Radio Station: 100.1 MHz (Akashvani Ghatshila)[15]

Sports

To enhance the mental and physical wellness sports play a crucial role. There are ample number of sports clubs and grounds distributed over the town. Some of them are enlisted below:

  • Moubhandar Sports Club - Hindustan Copper Limited Ground at Moubhandar
  • Golf Ground at Moubhandar
  • Rajstate Ground at Rajstate
  • Dakbunglow Ground at Dakbunglow Road
  • Gandhi Maidan at Harijan basti
  • Football Ground in Moubhandar
  • Basuki Singh Cricket Ground

Moubhandar Sports Club organises a cricket tournament every December. The tournament is named after the memory of Late. Basuki Singh. Basuki Singh Memorial cricket tournament is quite famous in Ghatsila.

  • Bardih Ground in Kashida
  • Circus Maidan Ground

Festivals

Ghatsila has a very diverse culture and a number of community live here peacefully. Many festivals are celebrated here. Some of the main festivals are:

  • Sagun Sohrai
  • Durga puja
  • Ganesh Puja
  • Baha Bonga
  • Makar Porob
  • Chatt
  • Dipawali (Diwali)
  • Sohrai
  • Mage Porob
  • Saraswati Puja
  • Laxmi Puja
  • Ganesh Puja

There are many other festivals also.

Tourism

Some of the places of interest are:[16]

  • Subarnarekha River, Moubhandar, Ghatshila - riverfront
  • Chota Pul at Swarnarekha River
  • Fuldungri Pahar at Phuldungri, Ghatshila
  • Famous Bengali Writer Bibhuti Bhushan Bandhopadhayay's Cottage at Dahigora, Ghatshila and Library at college road, Ghatshila
  • Ramkrishna Math, Dahigora, Ghatshila
  • Brahmarshi Jagadananda sanyas ashram, Dahigora, Ghatshila
  • Ghatsila Rajbari, Rajstate
  • Shivdas Ghosh Children's Park, Tamukpal
  • Rankini Mandir, Ghatshila
  • Ghatsila City Centre, College road, Ghatsila

Near North

Near East

  • Amadubi-Panijiya Rural Tourism Centre, Panijiya, Jharkhand 832302

Near West

  • Rankini Mandir, Jadugoda, Rohinibera
  • Galudih Barrage, Ulda, Jharkhand 832304
  • Birsa Fun City Waterpark, Karanja, Jharkhand 832304

Education

There are large number of schools and colleges which help a large number of youths to get their primary education in the town itself which has also helped in increasing the literacy rate of Ghatshila to 73%. Some of the prominent schools and colleges are listed below.

Schools

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Surda,Ghatshila
  • Irvine Adventist School ,Gopalpur
  • Sant Nandalal Smriti Vidya Mandir
  • St. Joseph's Convent School at Tumandungri, Musaboni
  • St. Joseph's Convent School (Kashida)
  • Gyandeep Public School
  • J.C School at College Road
  • Saraswati Shishu Vidyamandir
  • Sri Sri Vidyamandir at Kasidah
  • Marwadi Hindi High School
  • St. Paul High School
  • The Oxford Convent at Dahigora
  • Loreto Convent Public School
  • Holy Heart School

Colleges

  • Ghatsila College
  • Ghatsila Women's College at Kasidah

References

  1. ^ बणणवाल, अदर्ण सनी. झारखंड का संपूणण आततहास (प्रागैततहातसक काल से वतणमान तक) (in Hindi). Nitya Publications. ISBN 978-93-90390-59-5.
  2. ^ Singh, K. S. (2012). Tribal Movements in India: Visions of Dr. K.S. Singh. Manohar Publishers & Distributors. ISBN 978-81-7304-972-9.
  3. ^ Das, Binod Sankar (1973). Civil Rebellion in the Frontier Bengal, 1760-1805. Punthi Pustak.
  4. ^ Sen, Sailendra Nath (1979). History of Modern India, 1765-1950. Wiley Eastern. ISBN 978-0-85226-812-4.
  5. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Ghatsila, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook, Purbi Singhbhum, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 7: Natural Divisions. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook, Purbi Singhbhum, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 9: Industrialisation, Page 22: Census findings – Population and its Distribution. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  8. ^ "District Police Profile – East Singhbhum". Jharkhand Police. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook, Purbi Singhbhum, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Location code: 363618, Pages 26-27 : District primary census abstract, 2011 census. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  11. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  12. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16T/DDW-C16-TOWN-STMT-MDDS-2000.XLSX[bare URL spreadsheet file]
  13. ^ "C-16 Population by Mother Tongue". Census of India 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  14. ^ "District Census Handbook, Purbi Singhbhum, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 863-871. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
  15. ^ Davies, Alan G. "Radio and Television Broadcasting in Asia". www.asiawaves.net. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  16. ^ https://tourism.jharkhand.gov.in/

Ghatsila Tourist Information Center

External links

Ghatshila travel guide from Wikivoyage

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