Fayaz Tepe

Fayaz Tepe
Fayaz Tepe is located in West and Central Asia
Fayaz Tepe
Fayaz Tepe
Location of Fayaz Tepe
Fayaz Tepe is located in Uzbekistan
Fayaz Tepe
Fayaz Tepe
Fayaz Tepe (Uzbekistan)
Fayaz Tepe is located in Bactria
Fayaz Tepe
Fayaz Tepe
Fayaz Tepe (Bactria)

Coordinates: 37°17′11″N 67°11′17″E / 37.286265°N 67.188027°E / 37.286265; 67.188027 Fayaz Tepe, also Fayoz-Tepe, is a Buddhist archaeological site in the Central Asia region of Bactria, in the Termez oasis near the city of Termez in southern Uzbekistan.[1][2] Located 15 km west of Termez off the main M39 highway. Bus number 15 runs past the turn-off to Fayaz Tepe, from where it is a 1 km walk without shade. The foundations of the site date to the 1st century CE, with a peak of activity around the 3rd and 4th centuries during the Kushan period, before experiencing a fatal decline around the 5th century CE, probably with the invasion of the Kushano-Sassanian, whose coinage can be found at the nearby site of Kara Tepe.[3][4]

Site

The site of Fayaz Tepe is located a few hundred meters from Kara Tepe, not far from the city of Termez.

Artefacts

From the site were recovered numerous Buddhist frescoes and reliefs, now mostly located in the State Museum of History of Uzbekistan in Tashkent.[1] A famous niche showing the Buddha and two monks is dated to the 3rd-4th century CE.[5][6] An inscription has been found recently, which mentions the Kushan king Huvishka.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Lukonin, Vladimir; Ivanov, Anatoly (2012). Central Asian Art. Parkstone International. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-78042-894-9.
  2. ^ Muzio, Ciro Lo. The Legacy of Gandhāra in Central Asian Painting". p. 116.
  3. ^ Chatterjee, Ms Suchandana (2013). Trans Himalayan Buddhism: Re-connecting Spaces, Sharing Concerns: Re-connecting Spaces, Sharing Concerns. KW Publishers Pvt Ltd. p. 31. ISBN 978-93-85714-95-5.
  4. ^ Dani, Ahmad Hasan; Litvinovskiĭ, Boris Abramovich (1999). History of Civilizations of Central Asia. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 549-550. ISBN 978-81-208-1540-7.
  5. ^ a b Rhie, Marylin M. (1999). Early Buddhist Art of China and Central Asia. BRILL. p. xi. ISBN 978-90-04-12848-4.
  6. ^ a b Rhie, Marylin M. (1999). Early Buddhist Art of China and Central Asia. BRILL. p. 99 Figure 2.6. ISBN 978-90-04-12848-4.
  7. ^ Lo Muzio, Ciro (2012). "Remarks on the Paintings from the Buddhist Monastery of Fayaz Tepe (Southern Uzbekistan)". Bulletin of the Asia Institute. 22: 189–206.
  8. ^ Muzio, Ciro Lo. The Legacy of Gandhāra in Central Asian Painting". p. 130, Plate 3.13.
  9. ^ Lo Muzio, Ciro (2012). "Remarks on the Paintings from the Buddhist Monastery of Fayaz Tepe (Southern Uzbekistan)". Bulletin of the Asia Institute. 22: 189–206.
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