Fawwaz bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Fawwaz bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Governor of Makkah Region
Tenure1971–1980
PredecessorMishaal bin Abdulaziz
SuccessorMajid bin Abdulaziz
MonarchFaisal
Khalid
Governor of Riyadh Province
Tenure1960–1961
PredecessorSalman bin Abdulaziz
SuccessorBadr bin Saud
MonarchSaud
Born1934
Taif
Died19 July 2008 (aged 73–74)
Paris
Burial20 July 2008
SpouseFawzia bint Hussain Izzat
HouseAl Saud
FatherAbdulaziz of Saudi Arabia
MotherBazza II

Fawwaz bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1934 – 19 July 2008) (Arabic: فواز بن عبد العزيز آل سعود Fawwāz bin ʿAbdulʿazīz Āl Saʿūd) was a senior member of the House of Saud. In 2006, Fawwaz became one of the members of the Allegiance Commission. However, he died on 19 July 2008, some six months after the establishment of the council.

Early life and education

Prince Fawwaz was born in Taif in 1934.[1][2] He was the son of King Abdulaziz and Bazza II (died 1940), a Circassian woman from Syria.[3][4] He was the 24th son of King Abdulaziz.[2] His only full brother was Prince Bandar bin Abdulaziz.[5][6] Fawwaz received his early education at the Princes' School in Riyadh.[2]

Career

Prince Fawwaz was governor of Riyadh from 1960 to 1961.[7] On 18 June 1969, he was appointed deputy governor of Makkah Province.[5] Then, he served as governor of the province from 1971 to 1980.[1][8] He was the governor when the Grand Mosque Seizure occurred.[9][10] After this event, he was removed from office for corruption allegations by the group which seized the mosque.[10][11][12] There is another report arguing that following the incident Prince Fawwaz resigned from the office citing health problems.[13]

Free Princes Movement

Prince Fawwaz, together with Prince Talal and Prince Badr, was a member of the Free Princes Movement from 1962 to February 1964.[4][5] He defected to the United Arab Republic with his half-brothers Badr and Abdul Muhsin and their cousin Fahd bin Saad, but they returned to Saudi Arabia upon their rehabilitation by Crown Prince Faisal on 22 January 1964.[6][14] Upon their return they published a statement acknowledging their mistake in criticizing the Saudi government.[14]

Personal life

Prince Fawwaz was married to Fawzia bint Hussain Izzat.[5][15] He had only an adopted son who could not replace him in the Allegiance Council. He had a wide range of business activities related to property development in the kingdom. His wife and he also had a company based in Jeddah.[15]

Fawwaz bin Abdulaziz was one of the royal family members who were harshly criticised by Juhayman Al Otaybi and Abdullah Al Qahtani, leaders of the group that seized the Grand Mosque of Mecca in 1979, for his unabashed drinking, gambling, and corruption.[11][12]

Death

Fawwaz died in Paris on 19 July 2008, at the age of 74, after suffering from a disease.[16][17] His funeral was held in the Grand Mosque in Mecca on 20 July 2008. His body was buried in Al Adl cemetery in Mecca.[2] Condolence messages were sent to King Abdullah, the Saudi government and the Saudi royal family from King Hamad of Bahrain;[18] the emir of Kuwait, Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah;[19] and the emir and crown prince of Qatar.[20]

Honors

Prince Fawwaz was the recipient of several decorations, including the Order of Cedar of Lebanon and various orders of merit from different countries.[21]

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b "His Royal Highness Prince Fawaz bin Abdulaziz". Ministry of Interior. 2013. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Saudi royal court mourns Prince Fawaz bin Abdulaziz". Ain al Yaqeen. 29 July 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  3. ^ Winberg Chai, ed. (2005). Saudi Arabia: A Modern Reader. Indianapolis, IN: University of Indianapolis Press. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-88093-859-4.
  4. ^ a b Simon Henderson (1995). After King Fahd: Succession in Saudi Arabia (PDF). Policy Papers (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. ISBN 9780944029558. LCCN 94012154. OCLC 476709498. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d Sharaf Sabri (2001). The House of Saud in Commerce: A Study of Royal Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. New Delhi: I.S. Publications. pp. 137–138. ISBN 978-81-901254-0-6. OCLC 924353889.
  6. ^ a b "Appendix 6. The Sons of Abdulaziz" (PDF). Springer. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  7. ^ Yitzhak Oron, ed. (1961). Middle East Record. Vol. 2. Israel: Israel Program for Scientific Translations for Tel Aviv University. p. 420.
  8. ^ Ghassane Salameh; Vivian Steir (October 1980). "Political Power and the Saudi State". MERIP (91): 5–22. doi:10.2307/3010946. ISSN 0047-7265. JSTOR 3010946. OCLC 5548706854.
  9. ^ Joseph A. Kéchichian (February 1986). "The Role of the Ulama in the Politics of an Islamic State: The Case of Saudi Arabia". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 18 (1): 53–71. doi:10.1017/s002074380003021x. ISSN 0020-7438. JSTOR 162860. OCLC 4815045431. S2CID 154398218.
  10. ^ a b Peter W. Wilson (1994). Saudi Arabia: The Coming Storm. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-7656-3347-7.
  11. ^ a b Baron V. Reinhold (June 2001). Omnibalancing and the House of Saud (PDF) (MA thesis). Naval Postgraduate School,Monterey, CA. OCLC 640954800.
  12. ^ a b Sean Foley (2018). "How big tobacco used Islam and modernity to conquer Saudi Arabia". In Geoffrey F. Gresh; Tugrul Keskin (eds.). US Foreign Policy in the Middle East: From American Missionaries to the Islamic State. Abingdon; New York: Routledge. p. 1999. ISBN 978-1-351-16962-2.
  13. ^ Nadav Safran (1988). Saudi Arabia: The Ceaseless Quest for Security. Ithaca, NY; London: Cornell University Press. p. 446. ISBN 978-0801494840.
  14. ^ a b "Chronology December 16, 1963 - March 15, 1964". Middle East Journal. 18 (2): 218. 1964. JSTOR 4323704.
  15. ^ a b Giselle C. Bricault, ed. (1993). "Saudi Arabia". Major Companies of the Arab World 1993/94. Dordrecht: Springer. p. 582. doi:10.1007/978-94-011-1458-5_13. ISBN 978-1-85333-894-6.
  16. ^ "Prince Fawaz bin Abdulaziz passes away". Saudi Press Agency. 22 July 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  17. ^ Joseph A. Kéchichian (2013). Legal and Political Reforms in Saudi Arabia. London; New York: Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-203-08120-4. OCLC 1058645598.
  18. ^ "Bahraini Leadership Condole Saudi Arabia". Bahrain News Agency. 24 July 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Kuwait Amir sends cable of condolences to Saudi King". Kuwait News Agency. 22 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2008.
  20. ^ "Qatar Premier condoles the Saudi Monarch". Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 23 July 2008. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  21. ^ Publitec Publications, ed. (2007). Who's Who in the Arab World 2007-2008 (18th ed.). Beirut: Publitec Publications. p. 717. doi:10.1515/9783110930047. ISBN 9783598077357.

External links

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