Fangak

Fangak
Fangak is located in South Sudan
Fangak
Fangak
Location in South Sudan
Coordinates: 9°03′58″N 30°52′52″E / 9.066156°N 30.88112°E / 9.066156; 30.88112Coordinates: 9°03′58″N 30°52′52″E / 9.066156°N 30.88112°E / 9.066156; 30.88112
Country South Sudan
StateJonglei
CountyFangak County

Fangak is a community in South Sudan. It lies in Fangak County in Jonglei state. The capital is Old Fanguk. It was once a British garrison town. The administration buildings were destroyed during the civil war.

During the Second Sudanese Civil War, Gabriel Tanginya, commander of a pro-government Nuer militia had his base in Fangak. Tanginya was at first associated with Commander Paulino Matiep in Anyanya II, then with Paulino joined Riek Machar's SPLA-Nasir force in 1991.[1] In the 1990s the SPLA-Nasir militia was said to have had its only prison at Fangak, which lies in the center of a malarial swamp.[2]

In February 2011, forces loyal to the rebel General George Athor attacked three operational outposts of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). They briefly occupied the town of Fangak before withdrawing when SPLA troops arrived. Several people died in the conflict.[3] Later the SPLA reported that at least 105 people had been killed, mostly women and children. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, called for immediate implementation of the January ceasefire agreement.[4]

Starting in July 2020, unusually heavy rains have flood the White Nile, destroying crops, farms and villages in Jonglei and other states in the area. Of 62 villages in Old Fangak, 45 were devastated by floods. About 1.6 million people required assistance according to the United Nations.[5]

Fangak, being remote and isolated, and the capital Old Fangak on an island and accessible only by boat or small plane, has attracted many refugees from fighting in other parts of the country.[6]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Jemera Rone (2003). Sudan, oil, and human rights. Human Rights Watch. p. 19. ISBN 1-56432-291-2.
  2. ^ Jemera Rone, John Prendergast, Karen Sorensen (1994). Civilian devastation: abuses by all parties in the war in southern Sudan. Human Rights Watch. p. 227. ISBN 1-56432-129-0.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Ngor Arol Garang (February 10, 2011). "South Sudan army retake Fangak from Athor forces -SPLA". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 2011-08-07.
  4. ^ Julius N. Uma (February 13, 2011). "Human rights body condemns Jonglei killings, calls for urgent action". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 2011-08-07.
  5. ^ Guardian Staff (2021-03-19). "Drowned land: hunger stalks South Sudan's flooded villages". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2021-03-21.
  6. ^ Noy, Frederic (May 25, 2018). "A safe haven on the Nile: life in South Sudan's Old Fangak – in pictures". The Guardian.
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