Erbent

Erbent
Yerbent, Ýerbent
A panorama from the entrance to the village of Erbent (Yerbent). On the right side of the photo a group of tourists standing next to the Basmachi Revolt monument can be seen.
A panorama from the entrance to the village of Erbent (Yerbent). On the right side of the photo a group of tourists standing next to the Basmachi Revolt monument can be seen.
Erbent is located in Turkmenistan
Erbent
Erbent
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 39°18′51″N 58°35′38″E / 39.31417°N 58.59389°E / 39.31417; 58.59389Coordinates: 39°18′51″N 58°35′38″E / 39.31417°N 58.59389°E / 39.31417; 58.59389
CountryTurkmenistan
ProvinceAhal Province
Time zoneUTC+05:00 (TMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+05:00 (not observed)

Erbent (also known as Yerbent or Ýerbent) is a village in Ahal Province in central Turkmenistan.[1] The village is located in the Karakum Desert.[2] It is the largest settlement on the road between Ashgabat and Daşoguz, which are located near the southern and northern border of the country respectively.[2]

Overview

The village-scape primarily consists of single-story buildings with adjacent yurts.[2] A pastoral economy has resulted in the desertification of surrounding areas.[2]

The village remains a popular destination aimed at providing tourists with an "authentic experience" of life in the Karakum Desert.[2] A Soviet-era monument in the village center—featuring a Turkmen lady with a hung head—commemorates the death of 11 men who fell during the 1931 Basmachi Revolt in their quest of ensuring the "triumph of socialism, realization of dictatorship of the proletariat, and collectivization of agriculture."[2]

Climate

Like most of Turkmenistan, Erbent has a continental cold desert climate (BWk according to the Köppen climate classification) with cold winters and very hot and sunny summers. The village has an annual average temperature of 16.3 °C (61.3 °F). July is the hottest month, with a daily mean of 32.4 °C (90.3 °F) and an average high of 39.1 °C (102.4 °F). January is the coldest month, with a daily mean of 0.1 °C (32.2 °F) and an average low of −3.9 °C (25.0 °F).[3]

Erbent's location in the middle of the Karakum Desert means it is very dry throughout the year, although winter and spring are slightly wetter and summer is especially dry. Erbent receives 119 mm (4.7 in) of precipitation in total, spread out over an average of 42 days per year. Erbent is also sunny year-round, receiving over 3000 hours of sunshine annually on average, with July being the sunniest month and summer being the sunniest season. Humidity is lower in the summer than in the winter, dropping as low as 25% in August. However, it rises to 74% in December.[3]

Climate data for Erbent, 1961–1990 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
8.7
(47.7)
15.9
(60.6)
24.5
(76.1)
31.4
(88.5)
37.0
(98.6)
39.1
(102.4)
37.2
(99.0)
31.6
(88.9)
22.7
(72.9)
15.2
(59.4)
7.9
(46.2)
23.1
(73.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
2.6
(36.7)
9.2
(48.6)
17.3
(63.1)
24.1
(75.4)
29.8
(85.6)
32.4
(90.3)
30.0
(86.0)
23.8
(74.8)
15.1
(59.2)
8.5
(47.3)
2.6
(36.7)
16.3
(61.3)
Average low °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.0
(39.2)
11.2
(52.2)
16.9
(62.4)
22.0
(71.6)
24.6
(76.3)
21.8
(71.2)
15.8
(60.4)
8.3
(46.9)
3.1
(37.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
10.0
(50.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.5)
11
(0.4)
22
(0.9)
22
(0.9)
13
(0.5)
4
(0.2)
2
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
2
(0.1)
6
(0.2)
10
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
119
(4.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 4 6 6 4 1 1 1 1 3 4 6 42
Average relative humidity (%) 73 63 54 46 33 26 26 25 30 43 59 74 46
Mean monthly sunshine hours 137.4 155.1 198.9 228.9 306.4 363.3 376.3 367.0 321.9 249.0 187.6 131.0 3,022.8
Source: NOAA[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Erbent at GEOnet Names Server
  2. ^ a b c d e f Brummell, Paul (2005). Turkmenistan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 133. ISBN 9781841621449.
  3. ^ a b c "Yerbent (Erbent) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
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