Eindhoven Airport

Eindhoven Airport

Eindhoven Air Base

Vliegbasis Eindhoven

(Advanced Landing Ground B-78)
Flughafen Eindhoven Logo.svg
Eindhoven Airport at 9 April 2015, entrance building - panoramio.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerSchiphol Group (51%)
North Brabant (24,5%)
Eindhoven (24,5%)[1]
OperatorEindhoven Airport N.V.
RNLAF Vliegbasis Eindhoven
ServesEindhoven, Netherlands
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL74 ft / 23 m
Coordinates51°27′00″N 005°22′28″E / 51.45000°N 5.37444°E / 51.45000; 5.37444Coordinates: 51°27′00″N 005°22′28″E / 51.45000°N 5.37444°E / 51.45000; 5.37444
Websiteeindhovenairport.nl/en
Map
EHEH is located in Netherlands
EHEH
EHEH
Location of Eindhoven Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21[2] 3,000 9,842 Tarmac
Statistics (2019)
Passengers6,700,000 Increase 7,2%
Aircraft movements41.640Increase 6.2%
Source: AIP from AIS the Netherlands,[2] Eindhoven Airport News[3]

Eindhoven Airport (IATA: EIN, ICAO: EHEH) is an airport located 7.6 km (4.7 mi) west of Eindhoven, Netherlands.[2] In terms of the number of served passengers it is the second largest airport in the Netherlands, with 6.2 million passengers in 2018 (well behind Schiphol, which serves more than 70 million passengers).[4][5] The airport is used by both civilian and military traffic.

History

Early years

The airport was founded in 1932 as a grass strip under the name Vliegveld Welschap (Welschap Airfield). In 1939 the airfield was acquired for use by the Air Force, as concerns over a military conflict with Germany increased. The airfield was quickly captured by German forces during the Battle of the Netherlands and re-used by them under the name Fliegerhorst Eindhoven.[6] The airfield was expanded and improved by the Germans, with three paved runways and numerous hangars and support buildings being constructed.[citation needed]

The airfield was captured by American paratroopers during Operation Market Garden. Damage to the airfield was repaired and the airfield was re-used as an Advanced Landing Ground by both US and British forces under the designation B-78.[citation needed]

The airfield was returned to the Royal Netherlands Air Force in 1952. It was home to crews flying the Republic F-84G Thunderjet, Republic F-84F Thunderstreak, Northrop NF-5A/B, and finally the General Dynamics F-16A/B Fighting Falcon. 316 Squadron flew the F-16 and was inactivated in April 1994.[7]

Development since the 1980s

In 1984 a terminal building for civilian air traffic was constructed, based on a Leo de Bever design.[8] After the end of the Cold War, Eindhoven was transformed into a military transport base. Initially it was home to F27-300M Troopship aircraft. Over the years, Fokker 50, Fokker 60, McDonnell Douglas KDC-10, Lockheed C-130 Hercules and Gulfstream IV aircraft were stationed at the air base. The Fokker aircraft have been retired.

On 15 July 1996, a Belgian Air Force C-130H Hercules crashed at the airport – known as the Herculesramp (Hercules disaster). The plane caught fire and 34 people died in the intense heat. Communication problems within the emergency services meant that fire services were not aware that the C-130 carried many passengers, which likely caused more deaths.[9]

On the civilian side, the airport has continued to grow and is now the second-largest airport in the Netherlands. To accommodate this, in early 2012 work to expand Eindhoven airport was started including the addition of a 120-room Tulip Inn Hotel.[10]

On 27 May 2017, a parking garage collapsed during construction. The cause of the collapse was determined to be a construction error; the floors were made of prefabricated concrete slabs, and the connection between the slabs did not meet safety requirements.[citation needed] The reduced strength of the construction, in combination with the heat on that day, resulted in the partial collapse of the building. Nobody was injured or killed.[citation needed]

In October 2018, Ryanair announced it would be closing its base at the airport on 5 November 2018.[11] Construction of a 4 star hotel by Holiday Inn was started in 2018, the hotel opened in 2019.[12]

Facilities

Passenger facilities include: exchange office, lost property office, luggage lockers, baby changing area, health centre and various shops, such as Rituals, AH to GO, Victoria's Secret and tax free shops: Travel Plaza and Travel luxury, and also a new Business Lounge Aspire by Swissport[13] Eindhoven Airport also has a variety of restaurants, bars and cafes, such as: Upstairs (the Tulip Inn Hotel bar), La Place, The Bar (a flagship of Bavaria beer) and Starbucks (both before and after the security check).[14]

The airport also has a business centre. There are 1,500 parking spaces for long and short term parking.[15]

Military

From 1 July 2007, Eindhoven has been the location of the Movement Coordination Centre Europe (MCCE), a merger of the former European Airlift Centre (EAC), established by the European Air Group, and the Sea-lift Coordination Centre (SCC). MCCE is a non-NATO/non-European military organization. MCCE is an organization open to all governments whose membership is accepted by all the other participant nations, regulated by a specific legal technical agreement. The mission of the MCCE is to coordinate the use of air transport, surface transport (sea and land) and air-to-air refuelling (AAR) capabilities between participating nations, and thereby improve the overall efficiency of the use of owned or leased assets of the national military organizations. The centre's main focus will be on strategic movements, but not exclude operational and tactical movements.

Since September 2010, Eindhoven Airport has hosted the European Air Transport Command, made up of seven European nations which share aerial military assets in a single operative command. EATC will play a leading role in the A400M standardization process.[16]

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Eindhoven:[17]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens[18]
Air Arabia Maroc Nador
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya
Royal Air Maroc[19] Seasonal: Nador
Ryanair[20] Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Bologna, Bratislava, Brindisi, Catania, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Fez, Kraków, Lisbon, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pisa, Porto, Rome–Fiumicino, Seville, Sofia, Treviso, Valencia, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin, Zagreb
Seasonal: Girona, Naples, Reus, Tenerife–South (begins 27 March 2023),[21] Thessaloniki, Zadar[22]
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir
Transavia Alicante, Athens, Barcelona, Bilbao, Copenhagen, Faro, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Málaga, Marrakesh, Nice, Prague, Seville, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Valencia
Seasonal: Bologna, Bordeaux (resumes 30 March 2023),[23] Heraklion, Innsbruck, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Rijeka, Salzburg, Zakynthos
TUI fly Belgium Nador, Oujda
TUI fly Netherlands Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh
Seasonal: Alicante, Antalya, Boa Vista, Faro, Heraklion, Kos, Málaga, Ohrid, Rhodes, Sal, Tenerife–South
Wizz Air Belgrade, Bucharest, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Debrecen, Gdańsk, Iași, Katowice, Kaunas (ends 24 March 2023),[24] Kraków, Lublin (ends 22 March 2023),[24] Poznań (ends 24 March 2023),[24] Riga (ends 25 March 2023),[24] Rome–Fiumicino,[25] Rzeszów (ends 25 March 2023),[24] Skopje, Sofia, Suceava,[26] Tirana, Tuzla,[27] Varna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław

Statistics

The former airport building
Busiest Routes from Eindhoven Airport (2019)
Rank Airport Passengers 2019
1 London Stansted 316,132
2 Budapest 295,534
3 Málaga 293,959
4 Alicante 287,100
5 Faro 236,304
6 Valencia 226,544
7 Lisbon 194,945
8 Ibiza 174,637
9 Krakow 174,324
10 Palma de Mallorca 151,690
Source: ec.europa.eu


Ground transport

Eindhoven Airport is located just off the A2 motorway which offers direct connections to the North west, centre and south of the country, including the cities of Amsterdam, Utrecht and Maastricht. The airport is also served by two of Eindhoven's electric bus routes.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Corporate Governance | Eindhoven Airport". www.eindhovenairport.nl. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b c EHEH – EINDHOVEN/Eindhoven. AIP from AIS the Netherlands, effective 26 January 2023
  3. ^ https://www.eindhovenairport.nl/sites/default/files/downloads/eindhoven_airport_jaarverslag_2018_0.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  4. ^ "Schiphol Transport and Traffic statistics". Schiphol Group. 13 June 2014. Archived from the original on 28 November 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Eindhoven Airport verwerkt meer passagiers | NU - Het laatste nieuws het eerst op NU.nl". www.nu.nl. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Cookies op ed.nl". www.ed.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  7. ^ "F-16 Units - RNlAF 316th squadron". www.f-16.net. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Leo de Bever & Loed de Bever" (in Dutch). Eindhoven in beeld. 19 August 2015. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Hercules ramp Eindhoven" (in Dutch). Zwaailichten disaster website. 15 July 1996. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
  10. ^ "Construction terminal extension and hotel Eindhoven Airport has started" (in Dutch). kcap.eu. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  11. ^ "Ryanair to shut down Bremen, Eindhoven bases in mid-4Q18". ch-aviation.com. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  12. ^ Staff Correspondent (7 October 2018). "Nieuw 4-sterrenhotel Holliday Inn bij Eindhoven Airport". Eindhoven Airport (in Dutch). Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Winkels". eindhovenairport.nl.
  14. ^ "Eten & Drinken". eindhovenairport.nl.
  15. ^ "Eindhoven Airport Facilities". Eindhoven Airport. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  16. ^ The European Union - a global actor?. Gareis, Sven., Hauser, Gunther, 1968-, Kernic, Franz. Opladen: Budrich. 2013. p. 45. ISBN 978-3866495203. OCLC 846551715.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  17. ^ eindhovenairport.nl - Destinations retrieved 7 September 2022
  18. ^ "AEGEAN: Νέο δρομολόγιο από και προς Αθήνα - Eindhoven-Πάνω από 144 οι προορισμοί σε 44 χώρες". 18 May 2022.
  19. ^ "Royal Air Maroc to launch 11 European routes". Routes Online. 5 July 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  20. ^ "Book cheap flights using Fare Finder | Ryanair".
  21. ^ https://www.atlanticohoy.com/empresas/ryanair-bases-tenerife-sur-lanzarote-marzo-seis-nuevas-rutas_1510613_102.html
  22. ^ "Ryanair verbindt Eindhoven Airport met Zadar" [Ryanair connects Eindhoven Airport to Zadar]. Luchtvaartnieuws.nl (in Dutch). 30 March 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  23. ^ "Transavia verbindt Eindhoven met Bordeaux" [Transavia connects Eindhoven to Bordeaux]. nieuws.eindhovenairport.nl (in Dutch). 21 September 2022. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  24. ^ a b c d e "WIZZ AIR NS23 ROUTES SUSPENSION SUMMARY – 11DEC22".
  25. ^ "Wizz Air apre base a Roma Fiumicino". 13 May 2021.
  26. ^ Airlines, Travel. "Wizz Air base in Suceava: two aircraft and five new routes!". AirlinesTravel. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  27. ^ "Wizz Air to shut Sarajevo base and terminate nineteen routes".
  28. ^ a b Timetable of line 400 from Eindhoven Airport to Eindhoven Station NS – OVEindhoven.nl

External links

Media related to Eindhoven Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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