Eastern Equatoria

Eastern Equatoria
Eastern Equatoria State
Flag of Eastern Equatoria
Official seal of Eastern Equatoria
Location in South Sudan.
Location in South Sudan.
Coordinates: 04°45′N 33°11′E / 4.750°N 33.183°E / 4.750; 33.183Coordinates: 04°45′N 33°11′E / 4.750°N 33.183°E / 4.750; 33.183
Country South Sudan
RegionEquatoria
No. of counties:8
CapitalTorit
Government
 • TypeGovernment
 • GovernorLouis Lobong Lojore
Area
 • Total73,472.01 km2 (28,367.70 sq mi)
Population
 (2008 census)
 • Total906,126
 • Density12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
HDI (2019)0.419[1]
low · 5th of 10

Eastern Equatoria is a state in South Sudan. It has an area of 73,472 km².[2] The capital is Torit. On October 1, 1972, the state was divided into Imatong and Namorunyang states and was re-established by a peace agreement signed on 22 February 2020.[3]

Louis Lobong Lojore is the current governor of Eastern Equatoria.

Geography

The state shares international borders with Uganda in the south, with Kenya in the south-east and with Ethiopia in the north-east. Domestically, it is bordered by Central Equatoria in the west and Jonglei in the north. The Ilemi Triangle in the east, between Eastern Equatoria and Lake Turkana, is or has been disputed among all three abutting states (South Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia).

Population

Peace agreement dancers in Kapoeta, Eastern Equatoria

The state had 906,126 people in 2008 (32/sq mi). Eastern Equatoria state was home to several different ethnic groups. The Toposa, Jie and Nyangathom live in the Kapeota counties in the east of the state. The Didinga, Dodoth and Boya live in Budi county around Chukudum. Further west, Lopa, Torit and Ikwoto counties are inhabited by the Otuho, Mokoyi Lopit, Lango, Pari, and Tenet people who inhabit a portion of the lopit hills after they split from Didinga and Murle early in the 19th century and Lokoya of Lowoi. The Acholi, Madi, Iwire and Ofiriha people live in the westernmost Magwi county.[4]

Most of the inhabitants of Eastern Equatoria live by subsistence farming, and also raise cattle, sheep and goats. Some of the crops are sold, while most are consumed locally. The Didinga Hills in Budi county have rich and fertile soil that is used for cultivation of tobacco, potatoes, maize, and Dura.[4]

Government

The executive head of the State was the Governor, who was elected. The Governor was appointing ministers, advisors, and the Executive Directors to the Counties. The Counties in turn, were ruled by the democratically elected Local Government Councils headed by the County Commissioner [5] The state legislature was elected, with the first elections being held in April 2010.

Administrative divisions

Eastern Equatoria map.svg

Eastern Equatoria, like other states in South Sudan, was sub-divided into counties. These were further divided into Payams, then Bomas. Each county was headed by a County Commissioner, elected by the people of a County as the head of the local government in the County.

Counties were originally larger, but were subdivided in part to ensure that the different communities have full representation. Thus Torit County was subdivided into Torit, Lopa and Ikwotos counties, and Greater Kapoeta was divided into Budi County and Kapoeta county, which in turn was divided into Kapoeta North, South and East counties.

Counties as of 2020 were:

Health

As of 2014, this was one of the last areas in the world where cases of Guinea worm disease are found, with twelve of the 17 reported cases occurring "in one small pocket of Eastern Equatoria State," according to NPR.[6]

Governors

Tenure Governor
Feb 1994 - Jun 1994 Caesar Paia
Jun 1994 - Nov 1994 Marboz Konda
Jun 1994 - Dec 1997 Caesar Paia
Dec 1997 - Jan 2000 Abdullah Amiri
Jan 2000 - Feb 2001 Abdullah Allajabo
Feb 2001 - 2005 Caesar Baya Lolaya
18 Jul 2005 - 30 Sep 2005 Daniel Awit Akot (acting)
30 Sep 2005 - 24 Feb 2010 Aloisio Emor Ojetuk
24 Feb 2010 - 20 May 2010 Johnson Juma Okot
20 May 2010 - 9 Jul 2011 Louis Lobong
9 Jul 2011 — 9 Jul 2019 Johnson Juma Okot
Jul 2019 — May 2020 Louis Lobong Lojore
Jun 2020 - Present Louis Lobong Lojore

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  2. ^ "South Sudan at GeoHive". Archived from the original on 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2013-12-12.
  3. ^ "After 6 years of war, will peace finally come to South Sudan?".
  4. ^ a b "Focus On South: Facts About Eastern Equatoria State". Sudan Vision Daily. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
  5. ^ Local Government Bill 2009
  6. ^ Doucleff, Michaeleen (2014-07-08). "Going, Going, Almost Gone: A Worm Verges On Extinction". NPR : Goats and Soda. Retrieved 2014-07-09.

External links

  • Equatorians Abroad
  • Video of Equatorians Abroad
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