Deh Kheyr, Semnan

Deh Kheyr
ده خير
village
Deh Kheyr is located in Iran
Deh Kheyr
Deh Kheyr
Coordinates: 36°32′08″N 54°58′55″E / 36.53556°N 54.98194°E / 36.53556; 54.98194Coordinates: 36°32′08″N 54°58′55″E / 36.53556°N 54.98194°E / 36.53556; 54.98194
Country Iran
ProvinceSemnan
CountyShahrud
BakhshBastam
Rural DistrictKharqan
Population
 (2006)
 • Total182
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Deh Kheyr (Persian: ده خير; also known as Dakhi)[1] is a village in Kharqan Rural District, Bastam District, Shahrud County, Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 182, in 39 families.[2]

It is located in Shahrud Plain, about 4 km (2.5 mi) north of Bastam, and 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from the city of Shahrud.

Archaeology

In 2006, traces of a prehistoric, 8,000-year-old settlements were found here. The discoveries included ovens, craft workshops, and other evidence of settlements.

Archeological excavations in different parts of Shahrud Plain indicate the existence of villages in this area during 7-5 millennium BC.[3]

Sang-i Chakmak

Sang-i Chakmak (Tappeh Sang-e Chakhmaq, Sange Chaxmaq, Chakhmagh) is the most famous Neolithic site of Shahrud plain. It is located only 4 km (2.5 mi) from Deh Kheyr, and was excavated by Japanese archaeologist, Masuda, in 1972-1973.

The Sang-e Chakhmaq West Mound is believed to be the earliest known settlement of the Neolithic in the north-east region of Iran, dating to the late eighth to early seventh millennium BC.

Levels 2-5 represent the aceramic Neolithic phase. Large mud-brick houses with plastered floors were built. There's also some imported obsidian. There are many zoomorphic and anthropomorphic figurines.[4]

In the uppermost levels, a handful of sherds indicate the beginning of the Early Ceramic Neolithic. The date is about 6000 BC. There are many parallels with Jeitun culture sites.

Also, in Semnan Province, there is an important site of Tepe Hissar.

References

  1. ^ Deh Kheyr can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3060599" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  3. ^ Traces of Prehistoric Civilization Discovered in Shahrud. payvand.com - 2006
  4. ^ Christopher P. Thornton (2010), SANG-E CHAKHMAQ iranicaonline.org
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deh_Kheyr,_Semnan&oldid=1121141073"