Darganata (formerly Birata) is the capital city of Darganata District in Lebap Province of Turkmenistan. It was upgraded to city status 27 July 2016 by Parliamentary Resolution No. 425-V, and its former name of Darganata was restored 5 November 2017 by Parliamentary Resolution No. 679-V.
The city developed of the Khorezm settlement of Dargan; however the modern town lies about 3 km north. Nothing exists of Dargan except the wall-perimeter, and the Darganata Mausoleum which is believed to house the tomb of Abu Muslim.[a]
The name Darganata is of obscure origin — Atanyyazow speculates that dargan might be from an Arabic-origin root referring to "boat" or "hull" (the city is on the Amu Darya) but finds the suffix ata (means "father") inexplicable. Paul Brummell note Darganata to have been interpreted by some as "Divided Ata Tribe"; this prompted the renaming to Birata meaning "'United Ata Tribe."
- This appears to be untrue - sources report that Abu Muslim's mutilated body was thrown in the river Tigris.
- Brummell, Paul (2005). Turkmenistan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 193. ISBN 978-1-84162-144-9.
- Moscati, S. (2012-04-24), "Abū Muslim", Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Brill
- Frank, Allen J.; Touch-Werner, Jeren (October 20, 1999). Turkmen-English Dictionary (in English and Turkmen). Kensington, Maryland: Dunwoody Press. ISBN 978-1881265290.
- Atanyýazow, Soltanşa (1980). Түркменистаның Географик Атларының Дүшүндиришли Сөзлүги [Explanatory Dictionary of Geographic Names in Turkmenistan]. Ashgabat: Ылым. p. 136.