Conjunto Nacional (São Paulo)

Conjunto Nacional
Conjunto Nacional facade
Conjunto Nacional is located in São Paulo
Conjunto Nacional
Conjunto Nacional
Location within São Paulo
Conjunto Nacional is located in Brazil
Conjunto Nacional
Conjunto Nacional
Conjunto Nacional (Brazil)
General information
TypeCommercial centre
LocationSão Paulo, Brazil
AddressAvenida Paulista, 2073
Coordinates23°34′37″S 46°41′17″W / 23.5770°S 46.6881°W / -23.5770; -46.6881
Construction started1952 (1952)
Completed1956 (1956)
Inaugurated1956 (1956)
OwnerGrupo Savoy
Design and construction
Architect(s)David Libeskind
Other designersJosé Tjurs
Other information
Number of storesSeveral, including 2 movie theaters and Livraria Cultura

Conjunto Nacional is an important building and commercial centre of the city of São Paulo, Brazil. It occupies the block bounded by Avenida Paulista, Rua Augusta, Alameda Santos and Rua Padre João Manuel. The project was authored by architect David Libeskind and is characterized by being one of the first major modern multifunctional buildings deployed in the city of São Paulo.[1]

The complex is characterized by the blending of different uses in the same urban structure: within the building are the following usages: residential, commercial, services and leisure. The relationship between the collective trade usages, leisure-and uses private residences-gives the composition between two parts: in the horizontal part, which occupies the entire block on which to deploy the building-is a shopping arcade, and the vertical part, which occupies only a part of the projection of the terrain are the apartments. The Gallery proposal in the National Assembly became an architectural paradigm for projects of similar buildings in the central area of São Paulo during the 1950s decade. Conjunto Nacional has restaurants, offices and other types of shops and services, plus the largest bookstore in Latin America by built area, the Livraria Cultura. For many years it housed the Cine Astor and the Fasano Restaurant.

In 2005, the building was listed by Condephaat, the State Council of Defense of historical and architectural heritage.


The building began construction in 1952, after the decision of the Argentine Jewish businessman José Tjurs to build a large building on Avenida Paulista - which until then had largely residential character. His intention was to bring together in one building a hotel and a shopping center. In the late 50s, as the city did not allow the hotel construction at the site, some modifications to the original design of David Libeskind were implemented.


The clock of the National Assembly mark the time and the temperature of the city of São Paulo. It is located on top of the Edificio Horsa - Conjunto Nacional, at Avenida Paulista, being visible from several points of the city within a radius of about 5 miles (8.0 km) away.




  1. ^ Juste Lores, Raul (10 April 2014). "Morre aos 85 anos o arquiteto David Libeskind, autor do Conjunto Nacional". Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 March 2014.

External links

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