Communist Party of Turkmenistan

Communist Party of Turkmenistan
Коммунистическая партия Туркменистана
Türkmenistanyň Kommunistik Partiýasy
First SecretarySaparmurat Niyazov (last)
Founded19 November 1924
Banned16 December 1991
Succeeded byDemocratic Party of Turkmenistan
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism–Leninism
National affiliationCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
Colours  Red
Party flag
Flag of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (1973–1991).svg

The Communist Party of Turkmenistan (Russian: Коммунистическая партия Туркменистана; Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň Kommunistik Partiýasy) was the ruling communist party of the Turkmen SSR, and a part of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. From 1985 it was led by Saparmurat Niyazov. 16 December 1991, as the Soviet Union was in the process of dissolving, Niyazov reorganized the CPT as the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan.[1] The current Communist Party of Turkmenistan was made illegal during the presidency of Niyazov after independence and remains banned.[2]

Leadership

First Secretaries

No. Picture Name

(Birth–Death)

Took office Left office Political party
First Secretary
1 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Ivan Mezhlauk

(1891-1938)

19 November 1924 1926 CPT/CPSU
2 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Shaymardan Ibragimov

(1899-1957)

June 1926 1927 CPT/CPSU
3 Emblem of Turkmen SSR (1927-1937).svg Nikolay Paskutsky

(1894-1938)

1927 1928 CPT/CPSU
4 Emblem of Turkmen SSR (1927-1937).svg Grigory Aronshtam

(1893-1938)

11 May 1928 August 1930 CPT/CPSU
5 Emblem of Turkmen SSR (1927-1937).svg Yakov Popok

(1894-1938)

August 1930 15 April 1937 CPT/CPSU
6 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR.svg Anna Mukhamedov

(1900-1938)

April 1937 October 1937 CPT/CPSU
7 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR.svg Yakov Chubin

(1893-1956)

October 1937 November 1939 CPT/CPSU
8 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR.svg Mikhail Fonin

(1905-1974)

November 1939 March 1947 CPT/CPSU
9 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR.svg Shadzha Batyrov

(1908-1965)

March 1947 July 1951 CPT/CPSU
10 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR.svg Sukhan Babyev

(1910-1995)

July 1951 14 December 1958 CPT/CPSU
11 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR.svg Dzhuma Durdy Karayev

(1910-1960)

14 December 1958 4 May 1960 CPT/CPSU
12 Emblem of the Turkmen SSR.svg Balysh Ovezov

(1915-1975)

13 June 1960 24 December 1969 CPT/CPSU
13 Gapurov1.jpg Muhammetnazar Gapurow

(1922-1999)

24 December 1969 21 December 1985 CPT/CPSU
14 Saparmurat Niyazov and CIS leaders (cropped).jpg Saparmurat Niyazov

(1940-2006)

21 December 1985 16 December 1991 CPT/CPSU

Second Secretaries

No. Picture Name

(Birth–Death)

Took office Left office Political party
Second Secretary
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Anna Mukhammedov(1900-1938) March 3, 1935 October 1937 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Allaberdy Berdyev(1904-1964) July 16, 1938 August 20, 1940 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Kurban Permanov(1909-1969)[3] November 28, 1941 February 17, 1945 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Shadzha Batyrov(1908-1965) November 1945 July 1947 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Arkady Sennikov(1908-1974)[4] July 1947 September 10, 1953 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Polikarp Dolgov(1910-1989) September 10, 1953 February 14, 1954 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Fyedor Grishaenkov(1914-1983) February 14, 1954 June 13, 1960 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Mikhail Pimenov(1914-?)[5] June 13, 1960 March 25, 1963 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Vasily Rykov

(1918-2011)[6]

March 25, 1963 April 14, 1975 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Viktor Pereudin(1923-2001)[7] April 14, 1975 December 20, 1980 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Albert Rachkov

(1927-2023)[8]

December 20, 1980 July 26, 1986 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Sergei Nesterenko

(1935-)[9]

July 26, 1986 1991 CPT/CPSU
- Emblem of the Turkmen SSR (1926-1927).svg Alexander Dodonov(1946-2018)[10] 1991 1991 CPT/CPSU

See also

References

  1. ^ Компартии Туркменистана больше нет
  2. ^ "Leftist Parties of Turkmenistan". Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
  3. ^ "ПЕРМАНОВ Курбан | ЦентрАзия". centrasia.org. Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  4. ^ "СЕННИКОВ Аркадий Андреевич | ЦентрАзия". centrasia.org. Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  5. ^ "ПИМЕНОВ Михаил Александрович | ЦентрАзия". centrasia.org. Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  6. ^ "RYKOV Vasily Nazarovich". rusembindia.com. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  7. ^ "ПЕРЕУДИН Виктор Михайлович (1923 – 2001) — Moscow-Tombs" (in Russian). Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  8. ^ "О кончине А.И.Рачкова - Министерство иностранных дел Российской Федерации". www.mid.ru. Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  9. ^ "НЕСТЕРЕНКО Сергей Михайлович | ЦентрАзия". centrasia.org. Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  10. ^ "ДОДОНОВ Александр Дмитриевич - Биография - БД "Лабиринт"". www.labyrinth.ru. Retrieved 7 January 2023.


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