Chandler, Arizona

Chandler, Arizona
City
Aerial view of Chandler
Aerial view of Chandler
Flag of Chandler, Arizona
Official seal of Chandler, Arizona
Location in Maricopa County, Arizona
Location in Maricopa County, Arizona
Chandler is located in Arizona
Chandler
Chandler
Location in Arizona
Chandler is located in the United States
Chandler
Chandler
Location in the contiguous United States
Coordinates: 33°18′N 111°50′W / 33.300°N 111.833°W / 33.300; -111.833
CountryUnited States
State Arizona
CountyMaricopa
FoundedMay 17, 1912
Incorporated1920
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorKevin Hartke[1]
Area
[2]
 • Total65.55 sq mi (169.77 km2)
 • Land65.48 sq mi (169.58 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
Elevation
[3]
1,211 ft (370 m)
Population
 (2020)[4]
 • Total275,987
 • RankUS: 84th
 • Density4,215.09/sq mi (1,627.45/km2)
 • Demonym
Chandlerite
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP Codes
85224–85226, 85246–85249, 85286
Area code480
FIPS code04-12000
GNIS feature ID2409433[3]
Websitewww.chandleraz.gov

Chandler is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, and a suburb in the Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). It is bordered to the north and west by Tempe, to the north by Mesa, to the west by Phoenix, to the south by the Gila River Indian Community, and to the east by Gilbert. As of the 2020 census, the population of Chandler was 279,458,[4] up from 236,123 at the 2010 census.

History

In 1891, Dr. Alexander John Chandler, the first veterinary surgeon in Arizona Territory, settled on a ranch south of Mesa and studied irrigation engineering. By 1900, he had acquired 18,000 acres (73 km2) of land and began drawing up plans for a townsite on what was then known as the Chandler Ranch. The townsite office opened on May 16, 1912.

The original townsite was bounded by Galveston Street on the north, Frye Road on the south, Hartford Street on the west, and Hamilton Street on the east.[5] By 1913, a town center had become established, featuring the Hotel San Marcos, which also had the first grass golf course in the state. Chandler High School was established in 1914.[6] Chandler incorporated on February 16, 1920, after 186 residents petitioned the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors to approve incorporation. Town founder A.J. Chandler was chosen as the president of the first town council and the town's first mayor.

Most of Chandler's economy was sustained during the Great Depression (though the Depression was to blame for the cancellation of a second San Marcos hotel), but the cotton crash a few years later had a much deeper impact on the city's residents. Later, the founding of Williams Air Force Base in 1941 led to a small surge in population, but Chandler still only held 3,800 people by 1950. By 1980, it had grown to 30,000, and it has since paced the Phoenix metropolitan area's high rate of growth, with suburban residential areas swallowing former agricultural plots. Some of this growth was fueled by the establishment of manufacturing plants for communications and computing firms such as Microchip, Motorola and Intel.

Since the early 1990s, the city of Chandler has experienced exponential growth, ranking among the fastest-growing municipalities in the country. The population had grown to more than 275,000 residents in more than 100,000 homes as of 2020. The heart of Chandler remains its revitalized historic downtown, which includes the Chandler City Hall and the Chandler Center for the Arts. In 2010, Chandler was named an All-America City by the National Civic League. Chandler was the only Arizona winner for the 61st annual awards.[citation needed]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Chandler has a total area of 65.5 square miles (170 km2), of which 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2), or 0.11%, are listed as water.[2] The center of the city, along Arizona State Route 87, is 22 miles (35 km) southeast of Downtown Phoenix.

Chandler has reached its physical limits save for some remaining county islands and cannot expand outward anymore due to being bound in by the Gila River Indian Community, Tempe, Mesa, Gilbert, and Phoenix.

Climate

Climate data for Chandler, AZ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
(32)
95
(35)
99
(37)
106
(41)
118
(48)
116
(47)
119
(48)
115
(46)
113
(45)
107
(42)
97
(36)
86
(30)
119
(48)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 67
(19)
71
(22)
77
(25)
85
(29)
94
(34)
104
(40)
106
(41)
104
(40)
99
(37)
89
(32)
75
(24)
67
(19)
87
(30)
Daily mean °F (°C) 54
(12)
58
(14)
63
(17)
70
(21)
78
(26)
87
(31)
92
(33)
90
(32)
85
(29)
74
(23)
61
(16)
54
(12)
72
(22)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7)
49
(9)
54
(12)
61
(16)
70
(21)
77
(25)
76
(24)
70
(21)
59
(15)
47
(8)
40
(4)
57
(14)
Record low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
19
(−7)
24
(−4)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
43
(6)
54
(12)
51
(11)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
15
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.01
(26)
1.03
(26)
1.19
(30)
0.33
(8.4)
0.17
(4.3)
0.06
(1.5)
0.89
(23)
1.14
(29)
0.89
(23)
0.81
(21)
0.77
(20)
0.98
(25)
9.20
(234)
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19301,378
19401,239−10.1%
19503,799206.6%
19609,531150.9%
197013,76344.4%
198029,673115.6%
199089,862202.8%
2000176,58196.5%
2010236,12333.7%
2020275,98716.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

At the time of the 2010 Census, there were 236,123 people, 86,924 households, and 60,212 families in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 73.3% White, 4.8% Black or African American, 1.5% Native American, 8.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 8.3% of other races. 21.9% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[9]

There were 62,377 households, out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. Of all households 19.3% were made up of individuals, and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 38.0% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

There were 101,229 housing units as of May 2016.[10] The median income for a household in the city was $70,456, and the median income for a family was $81,720. Males had a median income of $44,578 versus $31,763 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,904. About 4.6% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Computer chip manufacturer Intel has an influential role in city growth strategies with four locations in the municipal area, including its first factory to be designated "environmentally sustainable" under current Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) criteria.[11] Other high-technology manufacturing firms have partnerships with the local government,[12] their operations employing approximately 25% of non-government workers in 2007.[13] Although per capita employment growth in the sector has been in decline in Arizona since 2000, semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing was largely unaffected;[14] a series of customized grants for the training of net new employees, incorporating the Phoenix urbanized area (27,000 workers now commute to work in other communities), resulted in a larger market share of (Californian) industry.

Since 2003, more than 2,900 jobs and investments totalling $3 billion have been created along the Price and Santan freeways,[15] in the Price Road Corridor.[16] Three shopping malls provide a "strong attraction" to such an open-ended, high exposure[17] trade area: the 1,300,000-square-foot (120,000 m2) Chandler Fashion Center, opened in 2001, has spurred on several courts and laneway developments.[18]

Companies headquartered in Chandler include Infusionsoft, Microchip, and Rogers. Bashas' headquarters is in a county island surrounded by Chandler.

Top employers

According to the City of Chandler's website[19] leading employers in the city include:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Intel 12,000
2 Wells Fargo 5,500
3 Chandler Unified School District 4,900
4 Bank of America 3,600
5 Chandler Regional Medical Center / Dignity Health 2,500
6 Northrop Grumman 2,150
7 NXP Semiconductors 1,700
8 PayPal 1,700
9 City of Chandler 1,586
10 Microchip Technology 1,500

Arts and culture

A.J. Chandler Park in downtown Chandler contains a tumbleweed Christmas tree during the holidays.

Chandler is noted for its annual Ostrich Festival.[20] Initially, agriculture was the primary business in Chandler, based on cotton, corn, and alfalfa. During the 1910s, there were ostrich farms in the area, catering to the demand for plumes used in women's hats of the era. This demand ebbed with the increasing usage of the automobile, but the legacy of the ostrich farms would be commemorated by the Ostrich Festival. The Chandler Center for the Arts, a 1,500-seat regional performing arts venue and the Vision Gallery, a non-profit fine arts gallery representing over 300 regional artists in the Chandler[21] area are downtown, and the Arizona Railway Museum is at Tumbleweed Park. A 70,000-square-foot (6,500 m2) Holocaust and Tolerance Museum has been slated for construction in Chandler.[22]

There are numerous properties in the town of Chandler which are considered to be historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places[23] or listed as such by the Chandler Historical Society. The Historic McCullough-Price House, a 1938 Pueblo Revival-style home, was donated to the city by the Price-Propstra family in 2001. The city renovated and opened it to the public in 2007. On June 12, 2009, the McCullough-Price House was added to the National Register of Historic Places, the official listing of America's historic and cultural resources worthy of preservation. The city of Chandler operates the facility, which is southwest of Chandler Fashion Center at 300 S. Chandler Village Dr.

Chandler Public Library

The Chandler Public Library serves Chandler and the greater Phoenix East Valley. The main library is in downtown Chandler, with three branches elsewhere in the city: Sunset, Basha (shared with Basha High School), and Hamilton (shared with Hamilton High School).

Parks and recreation

Lake at Village of Gila Springs subdivision, Chandler

Services offered to residents include: swim lessons; junior tennis clinics and leagues; youth classes and programs; youth sports; after-school teen programs; summer youth sports camps and arts camps; fitness classes; group aerobics and dance classes; nature and sustainable living courses; adult classes, sports leagues and outdoor recreation programs; active adult activities; therapeutic recreation special events and Special Olympics fundraising programs.

Tumbleweed Park hosts the annual Ostrich Festival, the Fourth of July Fireworks Festival and the annual Day of Play.

Veterans Oasis Park is located at city's highest point, at 1,311 feet (400 m).[24]

Government

Kevin Hartke presenting the State of the City in 2020

Chandler is represented by a mayor, a vice mayor and five city council members. The vice mayor is elected by the city council from among its members. The mayor, vice mayor and council members represent the entire city and are not elected from districts or wards.

The mayor is Kevin Hartke, and the vice mayor is Matt Orlando.[1] Council Members include: Christine Ellis, OD Harris, Mark Stewart, Jane Poston, and Angel Encinas.[citation needed]

Federal representation

The north central section of the city and the western "leg" of the city are within Arizona's 4th congressional district, served by Representative Greg Stanton, a Democrat. The rest of Chandler is within Arizona's 5th congressional district, served by Representative Andy Biggs, a Republican.

State representation

Chandler's western "leg" and a small, narrow portion of the adjacent northern part of the city are within Arizona's 18th Legislative District, served by Representatives Denise Epstein and Jennifer Jermaine, and Senator Sean Bowie, all Democrats. The rest of the city is in Arizona's 17th Legislative District, served by Representatives Jennifer Pawlik and Jeff Weninger, and Senator J. D. Mesnard, one Democrat and two Republicans.

Education

Elementary and secondary

Chandler High School, built 1921

Most of Chandler is served by the Chandler Unified School District. The area west of Loop 101 is served by the Kyrene Elementary School District and the Tempe Union High School District. The area east of Loop 101 and north of Warner Road is served by Mesa Public Schools. The San Vincente neighborhood in Chandler is served by Gilbert Public Schools.

Education alternatives include charter schools, Christian schools, parochial schools, magnet schools, as well as "traditional" academies. The leading charter schools in Chandler are Basis Schools and Legacy Traditional School.

Post-secondary

The two-year Chandler-Gilbert Community College, serving 13,000 students, is in the east of the city near the Gilbert border. Private educational institutions Western International University and Apollo Group subsidiary University of Phoenix have locations here. International Baptist College is in Chandler. Arizona State University is 14 miles (23 km) from downtown in Tempe. Ottawa University began offering adult education programs in Chandler in 1977. Chandler University opened in 2011.

Radio and television licenses

Chandler has only one radio license: KMLE.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Airports

Chandler Municipal Airport is a two-runway general aviation facility in the heart of the city south of Loop 202. Gila River Memorial Airport in the Gila River Indian Community may serve the city in the future. In western Chandler, Stellar Airpark is a privately owned airport that is open to the public. The nearest commercial airport to downtown Chandler is Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport.

Freeways

Chandler is served by three limited access highways:

  • Loop 202, the Santan Freeway, completed through the city in 2006, cuts through the midsection of the city along the Pecos Road alignment.
  • Loop 101, the Price Freeway, was completed in 2001, dividing West Chandler from the rest of the city. A majority of the city's employment, over 10,000 people as of 2007,[25] are along the city's Price Road Corridor. Air Products' industrial pipelines along the corridor are unique to the metropolitan area. South of Pecos, the freeway borders the Gila River Indian Community.
  • Interstate 10 is the city's westernmost border, and is on the other side is the Phoenix neighborhood of Ahwatukee.

Railroads

Heavy rail

Chandler is served by two single-track branch lines of the Union Pacific Railroad. One generally traverses the Kyrene Road alignment and currently dead-ends at the Lone Butte Industrial Park. The other runs east of Arizona Avenue and dead-ends near Sacaton, Arizona. Commuter rail service on these lines is under study as of 2007.

Light rail

No light rail lines have been approved in the city, although high-capacity corridors including light rail have been identified in other regional and local plans. City officials joined the regional light rail authority, Valley Metro Rail, in 2007, expecting service perhaps in 2020. Potential high capacity transit corridors that have been identified in the past include Rural Road, Arizona Avenue, and Chandler Boulevard. The Chandler General Plan 2016 does not authorize light rail or any form of high capacity transit. A separate process for any consideration of light rail as the mode of transit may occur in the years to come. The language in the General Plan 2016 is to identify that options remain available in the future for the city as it continues analyzing transit within the high-capacity transit corridors.[26]

Healthcare

The public hospital system, Valleywise Health (formerly Maricopa Integrated Health System), operates Valleywise Community Health Center – Chandler. Its sole hospital, Valleywise Health Medical Center, is in Phoenix.[27]

Notable people

Sister cities

Chandler has two sister cities:[28]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Chandler Mayor and Council | City of Chandler". www.chandleraz.gov. March 21, 2018. Archived from the original on April 28, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Arizona". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chandler, Arizona
  4. ^ a b "Chandler city, Arizona: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  5. ^ "Driving Chandler's Streets". maricopa.edu. Archived from the original on January 28, 2016. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
  6. ^ ChandlerAZ.gov, [The Story of Chandler, Arizona http://www.chandleraz.gov/default.aspx?pageid=37 Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine]. Retrieved October 13, 2009.
  7. ^ "Average Weather for Chandler, AZ – Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on July 1, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder – Results". census.gov. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019.
  10. ^ Chandler. "Community Profile Demographics" https://www.chandleraz.gov/default.aspx?pageid=724 Archived June 23, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved June 21, 2016
  11. ^ "Intel Company Overview" (PDF). Intel.
  12. ^ Gonzales, Angela (January 2, 2004). "Chandler develops biomed center, adds 270 jobs". Phoenix Business Journal. Archived from the original on July 5, 2004. Retrieved June 2, 2006.
  13. ^ "Economy of Chandler: January 2008" (PDF). azcommerce.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 17, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2008.
  14. ^ "High-Technology Activities in Arizona: 2007 Update" (PDF). azcommerce.com. January 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 16, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2008.
  15. ^ "Industrial Sites". Chandler Economic Development staff, City of Chandler. Archived from the original on March 10, 2005. Retrieved June 2, 2006.
  16. ^ "Contracts Awarded September 2007 though March 2008, The Acquirer Spring 2008 newsletter, O. R. Colan Associates" (PDF). orcolan.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Project Methodology: Chapter Three, South Arizona Avenue Entry Corridor Study, City of Chandler" (PDF). chandleraz.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  18. ^ "Project Methodology: Chapter One, South Arizona Avenue Entry Corridor Study, City of Chandler" (PDF). chandleraz.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  19. ^ "Chandler's Leading Employers List" (PDF). www.chandleraz.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  20. ^ "Shake a tail feather, get out to Ostrich Festival". azcentral.com. Archived from the original on March 28, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  21. ^ "Vision Gallery". visiongallery.org/. Archived from the original on October 23, 2019. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  22. ^ "Chandler site picked for tolerance museum". azcentral.com. Archived from the original on March 28, 2022. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
  23. ^ "National Register of Historical Places – ARIZONA (AZ), Maricopa County". nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  24. ^ "Chandler Veterans Oasis Park Map" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 28, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  25. ^ Paterik, Stephanie (May 26, 2005). "Price Corridor ripe for development". Arizona Business Gazette. Archived from the original on March 28, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  26. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Locations". Valleywise Health. Archived from the original on December 1, 2021. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  28. ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister-cities.org. Archived from the original on April 16, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  29. ^ "Sister Partnerships by US State – Asia Matters for America". Archived from the original on January 13, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2020.

External links

  • Official website
  • Visit Chandler, official City of Chandler tourism website
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