Central Federal District

Central Federal District
Центральный федеральный округ
Map of Russia - Central Federal District (2018 composition).svg
Country Russia
Established18 May 2000
Administrative CentreMoscow
Government
 • Presidential EnvoyIgor Shchyogolev
Area
[1]
 • Total650,200 km2 (251,000 sq mi)
 • Rank6th
Population
 • Total38,427,539
 • Rank1st
 • Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Urban
81.3%
 • Rural
18.7%
Federal subjects18 contained
Economic regions2 contained
HDI (2019)0.847[3]
very high · 1st
Websitecfo.gov.ru

The Central Federal District (Russian: Центра́льный федера́льный о́круг, tr. Tsentralny federalny okrug, IPA: [tsɨnˈtralʲnɨj fʲɪdʲɪˈralʲnɨj ˈokrʊk]) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Geographically, the district is situated in the extreme west of present-day Russia; although it can be considered as the central region of European Russia. The district covers an area of 650,200 square kilometers (251,000 sq mi),[1] and recorded a population of 38,427,537 (81.3% urban) in the 2010 Census.[2] The Presidential Envoy to the Central Federal District is Igor Shchyogolev.

Lake Visha, Central Federal District

Demographics

Population pyramid of the Central Federal District at the 2021 Russian Census

Federal subjects

The district comprises the Central and Central Black Earth economic regions and eighteen federal subjects:

Central Federal District
# Flag Coat of Arms Federal subject Area in km2[1] Population Administrative center Map of Administrative Division
1 New Flag of Belgorod Oblast.svg New Coat of arms of Belgorod Oblast.svg Belgorod Oblast 27,100 1,511,620 Belgorod Outline Map of Belgorod Oblast.svg
2 Flag of Bryansk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Bryansk Oblast.svg Bryansk Oblast 34,900 1,378,941 Bryansk Map Russia Bryansk region.svg
3 Flag of Vladimir Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Vladimiri Oblast.svg Vladimir Oblast 29,100 1,523,990 Vladimir Outline Map of Vladimir Oblast.svg
4 Flag of Voronezh Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Voronezh Oblast.svg Voronezh Oblast 52,200 2,378,803 Voronezh Outline Map of Voronezh Oblast.svg
5 Flag of Ivanovo Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Ivanovo Oblast.svg Ivanovo Oblast 21,400 1,148,329 Ivanovo Outline Map of Ivanovo Oblast.svg
6 Flag of Kaluga Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kaluga Oblast.svg Kaluga Oblast 29,800 1,041,641 Kaluga Outline Kaluga Oblast.svg
7 Flag of Kostroma Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kostroma Oblast.svg Kostroma Oblast 60,200 736,641 Kostroma Outline Map of Kostroma Oblast.svg
8 Flag of Kursk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Kursk oblast.svg Kursk Oblast 30,000 1,235,091 Kursk Outline Map of Kursk Oblast.svg
9 Flag of Lipetsk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Lipetsk oblast.svg Lipetsk Oblast 24,000 1,213,499 Lipetsk Outline Map of Lipetsk Oblast.svg
10 Flag of Moscow, Russia.svg Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Moscow 2,600 10,382,754 Moscow Msk blank.svg
11 Flag of Moscow oblast.svg Coat of arms of Moscow Oblast (large).svg Moscow Oblast 44,300 6,618,538 None; most public authorities located in Moscow,
subject administration located in Krasnogorsk
Outline Map of Moscow Oblast.svg
12 Flag of Oryol Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Oryol Oblast (large).svg Oryol Oblast 24,700 860,262 Oryol Outline Map of Orlovskaya Oblast.svg
13 Flag of Ryazan Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Ryazan Oblast.svg Ryazan Oblast 39,600 1,227,910 Ryazan Outline Map of Ryazan Oblast.svg
14 Flag of Smolensk Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Smolensk oblast.svg Smolensk Oblast 49,800 1,049,574 Smolensk Outline Map of Smolensk Oblast.svg
15 Flag of Tambov Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Tambov Oblast.svg Tambov Oblast 34,500 1,178,443 Tambov Outline Map of Tambov Oblast.svg
16 Flag of Tver Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Tver oblast.svg Tver Oblast 84,200 1,471,459 Tver Tver-oblast.svg
17 Flag of Tula Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Tula oblast.png Tula Oblast 25,700 1,675,758 Tula Russia Tula Oblast location map.svg
18 Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Yaroslavl Oblast.svg Yaroslavl Oblast 36,200 1,367,398 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Yaroslavl Oblast location map.svg

Ethnic groups

Ethnic composition, according to the 2010 census: Total - 38 427 539 people.

Russians - 34 240 603 (89.10%)

Ukrainians - 514 919 (1.34%)

Armenians - 270,996 (0.71%)

Tatars - 265 913 (0.69%)

Azerbaijanis - 132 312 (0.34%)

Belarusians - 128 742 (0.34%)

Uzbeks - 90 652 (0.24%)

Jews - 69,409 (0.18%)

Moldovans - 65 645 (0.17%)

Georgians - 63 612 (0.17%)

Tajiks - 62,785 (0.16%)

Mordva - 51 826 (0.13%)

Roma - 49,535 (0.13%)

Chuvash - 40,157 (0.10%)

Kyrgyz - 29,269 (0.08%)

Chechens - 25,734 (0.07%)

Germans - 25,219 (0.07%)

Koreans - 21,779 (0.06%)

Ossetians - 19,203 (0.05%)

Lezgins - 17 843 (0.05%)

Kazakhs - 17,608 (0.05%)

Turks - 15 322 (0.04%)

Bashkirs - 15,249 (0.04%)

Yezidis - 13 727 (0.04%)

Avars - 12,887 (0.03%)

Dargins - 10,095 (0.03%)

Persons who did not indicate nationality - 1,944,531 people. (5.06%)

Persons of other nationalities - 2,260,631 people. (5.88%)

Economy

As of 2020, the GRP in Central Federal District reached RUB33.6 trillion(407 billion)[4] and around €10,000 per capita.

References

  1. ^ a b c "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators – 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  4. ^ "Валовой региональный продукт по субъектам Российской Федерации в 2016-2020гг".

External links

  • Official site: Federal Cadaster Center of Russia (in Russian)
  • Baikaland at Tripod.com at the Wayback Machine (archived February 20, 2007)

Coordinates: 54°31′59″N 37°37′01″E / 54.533°N 37.617°E / 54.533; 37.617

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