Buriram province

Buriram
บุรีรัมย์
Buriram province
Clockwise from top: Phanom Rung Historical Park, Chang Arena, Khao Kradong Forest Park, Romburi Park, Lam Nang Rong Dam, Prasat Muang Tam
Flag of Buriram
Official seal of Buriram
Motto(s): 
"เมืองปราสาทหิน ถิ่นภูเขาไฟ ผ้าไหมสวย รวยวัฒนธรรม เลิศล้ำเมืองกีฬา" ("Stone castle town, Land of Volcano, Beautiful silk, Rich culture and Superb sports city")
Map of Thailand highlighting Buriram province
Map of Thailand highlighting Buriram province
CountryThailand
CapitalBuriram
Government
 • GovernorThatchakorn Hatthathayakul (since October 2018)
Area
[1]
 • Total10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi)
 • Rank17th
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total1,595,747
 • RankRanked 6th
 • Density159/km2 (410/sq mi)
  • RankRanked 24th
Human Achievement Index
[3]
 • HAI (2017)0.5265 "low"
Ranked 70th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
31xxx
Calling code044
ISO 3166 codeTH-31
Vehicle registrationบุรีรัมย์
Websiteburiram.go.th

Buriram province (Thai: จังหวัดบุรีรัมย์, RTGSChangwat Buri Ram, pronounced [t͡ɕāŋ.wàt bū.rīː rām]; Northern Khmer: มืฺงแปะ, pronounced [mɤːŋ.pɛʔ]) is one of Thailand's seventy-six Provinces (changwat) and lies in lower northeastern Thailand, also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Sa Kaeo, Nakhon Ratchasima, Khon Kaen, Maha Sarakham, and Surin. To the southeast it borders Oddar Meanchey province of Cambodia. The name "Buriram" means 'city of happiness'.

Geography

Romburi Park (สวนรมย์บุรี), Buriram

Buriram is at the south end of the Khorat Plateau, with several extinct volcanoes around the province. The southern limit of the province is a mountainous area at the limit between the Sankamphaeng Range and the Dângrêk Mountains. The total forest area is 887 km2 (342 sq mi) or 8.8 percent of provincial area.[1]

National park

There is one national park, along with three other national parks, make up region 1 (Prachinburi) of Thailand's protected areas.

Wildlife sanctuary

There is one wildlife sanctuary, along with two other wildlife sanctuaries, make up region 7 (Nakhon Ratchasima) of Thailand's protected areas.

  • Dong Yai Wildlife Sanctuary, 313 km2 (121 sq mi)[5]: 3 

History

Buriram City Pillar is similar to Prasat Phnom Rung.

The study of archaeologists has found evidence of human habitation since prehistoric times in Dvaravati period in Buriram including cultural evidence from the ancient Khmer Empire, which has both a brick castle and more than 60 stone castles, and have found important archaeological sites, including kilns, pottery and pottery, earthenware called Khmer wares, which determines the age around the 15th-18th. After the period of ancient Khmer or Khmer culture, the historical evidence of Buriram began to appear again at the end of the Ayutthaya period, which appears to be an old city and later appeared in the Thonburi period to the Rattanakosin period that Buriram was a city.

About a thousand years ago, the area that makes up today's Buriram Province was under the Khmer Empire and many ruins remain from that time. The largest, standing on an extinct volcano, is in the Phanom Rung Historical Park. According to an inscription found there, its local ruler recognised the authority of the Khmer king. However, the area was remote and sparsely populated, and little is recorded about it until the Rattanakosin Kingdom. In the early-19th century, Muang Pae, the largest town, acknowledged Thai sovereignty and was renamed Buriram. Following administrative reforms in the late-19th century, Buriram was formally incorporated into Thailand as a province with its own governor.

Culture

Festivals

Aside from important religious days, Songkran Day and New Year's Day, Buriram also has other local festivals such as the festival of the 5th lunar month[6] when the locals make merit, bathe Buddha images and the aged, play traditional sports such as Saba and tug of war. In some areas like Phutthaisong District, there is the Bang Fai traditional rocket dance, Khao Phansa, at the beginning of Buddhist Lent and Loi Krathong.

Demographics

Buriram is one of the northeastern provinces with a sizable Northern Khmer population. The Isan language is spoken by most, but according to the most recent census 27.6% of the population also speak Northern Khmer in everyday life.

Symbols

The provincial seal
Buriram New Provincial Office

The provincial seal depicts Phanom Rung temple, a Khmer-style Hindu shrine dedicated to Shiva. It was in use from the 9th through the 12th centuries, when the Khmer Empire's control of the region was ended by the Thais of Ayutthaya Kingdom. The ruins are now preserved in a historical park.

The provincial flower is the yellow cotton tree (Cochlospermum regium). The provincial tree is the pink shower (Cassia grandis).

The province's motto is "the city of sandstone sanctuaries, land of volcanoes, beautiful silk, rich culture and the best city of sport".

Administrative divisions

Provincial government

Buriram with 23 districts

The province is divided into 23 districts (amphoes). The districts are further divided into 189 subdistricts (tambons) and 2,212 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Buriram
  2. Khu Mueang
  3. Krasang
  4. Nang Rong
  5. Nong Ki
  6. Lahan Sai
  7. Prakhon Chai
  8. Ban Kruat
  9. Phutthaisong
  10. Lam Plai Mat
  11. Satuek
  12. Pakham
  1. Na Pho
  2. Nong Hong
  3. Phlapphla Chai
  4. Huai Rat
  5. Non Suwan
  6. Chamni
  7. Ban Mai Chaiyaphot
  8. Non Din Daeng
  9. Ban Dan
  10. Khaen Dong
  11. Chaloem Phra Kiat

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[7] one Buriram Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 62 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Buriram, Chum Het and Nang Rong have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 59 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 146 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[2]

Transport

Airports

Buriram Airport is the only airport in Buriram province. Two airlines, Nok Air and Thai AirAsia, serve Buriram from Don Mueang International Airport (DMK).

Station hall in Buriram Railway Station

Highways

Intercity transit

State Railway of Thailand (SRT), the national passenger rail system, provides service to Buriram at the Buriram Railway Station. SRT provides many services such as limited express trains to Bangkok and Ubon Ratchathani, commuter trains to Nakhon Ratchasima and beyond.

The Transport Co., Ltd. operates a bus depot at Buriram Bus Station, and Nakhonchai Air has its bus station adjacent.

Public transit

The Buriram Songthaew System (BSS) provides public transportation for the city. BSS was established many years ago. There are two lines: Line 1 (Buriram Municipality Market-Khao Kradong Forest Park Line), and Line 2 (Ban Bua Line). Both lines are colored pink.

Health

Buriram's main hospital is Buriram Hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health.

Sports

Buriram promotes itself as a city of sport.[8] Buriram United is the most successful football team in Thailand after sweeping all before them by winning the league, the FA Cup, the League Cup, and AFC Champions League quarter-finalist.[citation needed] Buriram United play home games at Chang Arena, the largest club-owned football stadium in Thailand.[9]

A FIA Grade 1 and FIM Grade A racing circuit, Chang International Circuit, is near Chang Arena.

Human achievement index 2017

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
64 56 43 71
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
16 54 66 57
Province Buriram, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5265 is "low", occupies place 70 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

Notable people

Lalisa Manoban is a Thai rapper born in Satuek district. She is well known as a member of South Korean girl group Blackpink.

Born in Buriram

  • Newin Chidchob (เนวิน ชิดชอบ) (born 1958), politician, chairman of Buriram United
  • Sam-A Gaiyanghadao (สามเอ ไก่ย่างห้าดาว) (born 1983), former Muay Thai fighter
  • Lalisa Manobal (ลลิษา มโนบาล); born Pranpriya Manobal (ปราณปรียา มโนบาล) (born 1997), a member of the South Korean girl group BLACKPINK
  • Chatchu-on Moksri (ชัชชุอร โมกศรี) (born 1999), volleyball player

References

  1. ^ a b "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. ^ a b รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  4. ^ "ข้อมูลพื้นที่อุทยานแห่งชาติ ที่ประกาศในราชกิจจานุบกษา 133 แห่ง" [National Park Area Information published in the 133 Government Gazettes]. Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). December 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  5. ^ "ตาราง 5 พื้นที่เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่า พ.ศ. 2562" [Table 5 Wildlife Sanctuary Areas in 2019] (PDF). Department of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Plant Conservation (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  6. ^ "Gregorian-Lunar Calendar Conversion Table". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 26 Buriram: 1 PAO, 3 Town mun., 59 Subdistrict mun., 146 SAO.
  8. ^ "บุรีรัมย์โมเดล ต้นแบบการสร้างเมืองใหม่".
  9. ^ "'บุรีรัมย์'กร้าวป้อง5แชมป์-ยึดท็อป5เอเชีย". Archived from the original on 2017-08-03. Retrieved 2017-08-03.

External links

  • Buriram travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Tourism Authority of Thailand: About Buriram
  • Buriram Times
  • Provincial website (Thai)
  • Buriram provincial map, coat of arms and postal stamp[not specific enough to verify]

Coordinates: 14°59′39″N 103°6′8″E / 14.99417°N 103.10222°E / 14.99417; 103.10222

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