Boulevard Haussmann

Boulevard Haussmann
Blv-haussmann-lafayette.jpg
Boulevard Haussmann from the Galeries Lafayette terrace.
Boulevard Haussmann is located in Paris
Boulevard Haussmann
Shown within Paris
Length2,530 m (8,300 ft)
Width30 m (98 ft) from Rue Drouot and Boulevard des Italiens to Rue de Miromesnil; 33.6 m (110 ft) elsewhere.
Arrondissement8th, 9th
QuarterMadeleine. Europe. Faubourg du Roule. Faubourg Montmartre. Chaussée d'Antin.
Coordinates48°52′30″N 2°18′26″E / 48.87500°N 2.30722°E / 48.87500; 2.30722Coordinates: 48°52′30″N 2°18′26″E / 48.87500°N 2.30722°E / 48.87500; 2.30722
From1 Rue Drouot and 2 Boulevard des Italiens
To202 Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré
Construction
Construction startOctober 17, 1857
CompletionJanuary 22, 1922
DenominationMarch 2, 1864

Boulevard Haussmann, 2.53 kilometres (1.57 mi) long from the 8th to the 9th arrondissement, is one of the wide tree-lined boulevards created in Paris by Napoleon III, under the direction of his Prefect of the Seine, Baron Haussmann.

The Boulevard Haussmann is mostly lined with apartment blocks, whose regulated cornice height gives a pleasing eyeline to the Boulevard. The department stores Galeries Lafayette and Au Printemps are sited on this street.

Location and access

Boulevard Haussmann during Christmas period

2,530 m long, the Boulevard Haussmann crosses the districts of Madeleine, Quartier de l'Europe, Faubourg-du-Roule, Faubourg-Montmartre and Chaussée-d'Antin located in the 9th and 8th arrondissements of Paris and connects, to the east, the crossroads of Boulevard des Italiens and Boulevard Montmartre, where the metro station is located. Richelieu-Drouot, at Avenue de Friedland, extends it to the west.

This road starts from the district of the main bank headquarters, passes department stores with which its name is often associated today, then crosses districts with mostly offices, but still opulent. It was built by a workforce made up largely of masons from the Creuse.

Origin of the name

This road is named after Baron Georges Eugène Haussmann (1809-1891), a French administrator and politician who led the transformations of Paris under the Second Empire as prefect of the Seine.

History

As part of the transformation of Paris, the prefect Haussmann conceived this main traffic axis as a diagonal road linking the first circle of the Grands Boulevards to that of the Wall of the Ferme générale. To do this, he ordered the destruction of the house in which he was born, at the corner of the Rue du Faubourg-Saint-Honoré.

Like his predecessor Rambuteau, Haussmann's activity was rewarded during his lifetime by the attribution of his name to one of the main roads he had ordered to be constructed. However, the boulevard was not completed until well after his death. It was only in 1926 that the Boulevard Haussmann, after twenty years of work, finally joined the Boulevard des Italiens, destroying the Passage de l'Opéra where two years earlier strolled a character of Louis Aragon in the book Le Paysan de Paris.

Famous inhabitants

From 1906 to 1919, the novelist Marcel Proust (1871–1922) lived at No. 102. There, in his cork-lined bedroom (now on display in the Carnavalet Museum), he wrote a major part of À la recherche du temps perdu. Alan Bates starred in 102 Boulevard Haussmann, a 1990 play written by Alan Bennett.[1]

At no. 158 there is the Musée Jacquemart-André.

The Impressionist and patron of other artists Gustave Caillebotte (1848–1894) painted the Boulevard in many different lights as the days and seasons changed.

Marks & Spencer, the British department store chain, opened a store on Boulevard Haussmann in 1975 when it opened its first store in continental Europe. [2]

In the Ian Fleming novel Thunderball, it is described as "the solidest street in Paris" and the site of the headquarters of SPECTRE.

References

  1. ^ "Alan Bates Television Archive: 102 Boulevard Haussmann". Alanbates.com. 1991-11-26. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
  2. ^ "Marks & Spencer Plc – History of the retail company". Examstutor.com. 1907-07-25. Archived from the original on 2015-11-18. Retrieved 2011-03-29.

External links

  • Media related to Boulevard Haussmann (Paris) at Wikimedia Commons
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