Boniville

Boniville
Agoodé
Village
Winti hut in Boniville (1903)[a]
Winti hut in Boniville (1903)[a]
Boniville is located in French Guiana
Boniville
Boniville
Location in French Guiana
Coordinates: 3°50′02″N 54°11′08″W / 3.8339°N 54.1855°W / 3.8339; -54.1855Coordinates: 3°50′02″N 54°11′08″W / 3.8339°N 54.1855°W / 3.8339; -54.1855
CountryFrance
Overseas regionFrench Guiana
ArrondissementSaint-Laurent-du-Maroni
CommunePapaïchton

Boniville (also Agoodé[2]) is a village of Aluku Maroons[3] in the commune of Papaïchton located on the Lawa River in French Guiana.

History

On 25 May 1891, the Aluku, a tribe of escaped slaves from Suriname, became French citizens,[4] and Granman Ochi became the first officially recognized paramount chief of the tribe.[5] In 1895, Ochi founded the village of Boniville[6] to serve as the administrative centre for the tribe.[7]

In 1965, Granman Tolinga moved the capital from Boniville to Papaïchton,[7] and as of 1993, Boniville is a village within the commune of Papaïchton.[4] The village has lost its importance, and has been reduced to a small hamlet.[8] Boniville is still characterised by traditional Aluku architecture with tembé [fr] (painted and carved wood work).[9] In 2017, five traditional houses in Boniville and Loca were restored by the National Forests Office.[10]

Transport

Papaïchton can only be accessed by plane from the Maripasoula Airport, or by boat via the Lawa river.[11] There is an unpaved path to Maripasoula. On 20 July 2020, construction has started on a proper road which is scheduled to be completed by 2021.[12]

Notes

  1. ^ The hut contained a clay statue of Granmama Gron (Grandmother Earth) who was the local god of the village.[1]

References

  1. ^ Albert Helman (1977). "Facetten van de Surinaamse samenleving". Digital Library for Dutch Literature (in Dutch). p. 22. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  2. ^ Fleury 2018, p. 58.
  3. ^ Fleury 2018, p. 70.
  4. ^ a b "Parcours La Source". Parc-Amazonien-Guyane (in French). Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  5. ^ Scholtens 1994, p. 65.
  6. ^ Fleury 2018, p. 69.
  7. ^ a b Jean Moomou (2011). Les Bushinengue du Surinam et de la Guyane française : le modèle architectural développé, une clé de lecture de leur évolution. Études (in French). Presses universitaires de Perpignan. pp. 191–204. ISBN 9782354122805.
  8. ^ "A la découverte de Boniville". Guyaweb (in French). 18 August 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  9. ^ "Carte Guide Maroni 2017". Parc Amazonien Guyane (in French). Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  10. ^ "Cinq maisons anciennes de Boniville et Loka réhabilitées". Parc Amazonien Guyane (in French). 22 November 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  11. ^ "REGION DE MARIPASOULA". Study Lib Fr (in French). Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Route Maripasoula-Papaichton : 1 million d'euros par kilomètre". France Guyane (in French). Retrieved 2 February 2021.

Bibliography

  • Fleury, Marie (March 2018). "Gaan Mawina, le Marouini (haut Maroni) au cœur de l'histoire des Noirs marrons Boni/Aluku et des Amérindiens Wayana". Revue D’ethnoécologie (in French). 13. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Scholtens, Ben (1994). Bosneger en overheid in Suriname. Radboud University Nijmegen (Thesis) (in Dutch). Paramaribo: Afdeling Cultuurstudies/Minov. ISBN 9991410155.


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