Beit Kama

Beit Kama
בֵּית קָמָה
بيت كاما
Dining room in Beit Kama (1).jpg
Beit Kama is located in Northwest Negev region of Israel
Beit Kama
Beit Kama
Beit Kama is located in Israel
Beit Kama
Beit Kama
Coordinates: 31°26′44″N 34°45′38″E / 31.44556°N 34.76056°E / 31.44556; 34.76056Coordinates: 31°26′44″N 34°45′38″E / 31.44556°N 34.76056°E / 31.44556; 34.76056
Country Israel
DistrictSouthern
CouncilBnei Shimon
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded18 April 1949
Founded byHashomer Hatzair members
Population
 (2019)[1]
1,405
Websitewww.beitkama.org.il

Beit Kama (Hebrew: בֵּית קָמָה, lit. House of Standing Grain) is a kibbutz in the northern Negev desert in Israel. Located north of the Bedouin city of Rahat, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bnei Shimon Regional Council. In 2019 its population was 1,405.[1]

History

The kibbutz was founded on 18 April 1949, south-east of the Palestinian village al-Jammama, which had been depopulated on 22 May 1948 during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[2] The founders of Beit Kama were immigrants from Hungary who belonged to Hashomer Hatzair movement.[citation needed]

The settlement was initially called "Safiach", but later became Beit Kama, a name derived from Isaiah 17:5: "And it shall be as when the reaper gathers standing grain."[3]

Beit Kama is a secular kibbutz affiliated with HaKibbutz HaArtzi and Hashomer Hatzair.[citation needed]

Economy

Kamada offices, Beit Kama

Kamada, a plasma-derived biopharmaceutical company, was established in Beit Kama in 1990. Its first product was human albumen.[4] Kamada's production facilities are located on the kibbutz.[5]

Archaeology

In 2013, archaeologists of the Israel Antiquities Authority discovered a Byzantine era mosaic floor on the grounds of the kibbutz. The red, black, and yellow mosaic is decorated with images of birds, local flora and geometrical designs. An ancient water system with pools and channels was also unearthed.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisisted. Cambridge University Press. pp. xxii, no. 167. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
  3. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.113, ISBN 965-220-186-3 (English)
  4. ^ Kamada Milestones
  5. ^ Israeli Company Kamada Breaks Ground with Promising COVID-19 Treatment
  6. ^ Byzantine era mosaic floor found on Negev kibbutz The Jerusalem Post, 5 December 2013
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