Banggai Islands Regency

Banggai Islands Regency
Kabupaten Banggai Kepulauan
Coat of arms of Banggai Islands Regency
Location within Central Sulawesi
Location within Central Sulawesi
Banggai Islands Regency is located in Banggai Islands
Banggai Islands Regency
Banggai Islands Regency
Location in Banggai Islands, Sulawesi and Indonesia
Banggai Islands Regency is located in Sulawesi
Banggai Islands Regency
Banggai Islands Regency
Banggai Islands Regency (Sulawesi)
Banggai Islands Regency is located in Indonesia
Banggai Islands Regency
Banggai Islands Regency
Banggai Islands Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 1°24′31″S 123°12′23″E / 1.408619°S 123.206363°E / -1.408619; 123.206363Coordinates: 1°24′31″S 123°12′23″E / 1.408619°S 123.206363°E / -1.408619; 123.206363
CountryIndonesia
RegionSulawesi
ProvinceCentral Sulawesi
CapitalSalakan
Government
 • In Order RegentRais D. Adam
Area
 • Total2,488.79 km2 (960.93 sq mi)
Population
 (mid 2021 estimate)[1]
 • Total121,684
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (ICST)
Area code(+62) 462
Websitebanggaikep.go.id

The Banggai Archipelago (Indonesian: Kepulauan Banggai) is a group of islands, which are located at the far eastern end of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. It makes up a regency (kabupaten) of Central Sulawesi Province of Indonesia, created in 1999 by splitting the existing Banggai Regency into a new Banggai Regency situated on the mainland of Sulawesi (capital, Luwuk) and a Banggai Islands Regency then comprising the entire archipelago (with its capital at Banggai town). In December 2014 a further splitting of the Regency was the removal of the more southerly seven districts (including Banggai Island itself, together with smaller islands to its southwest and southeast) to form a new Banggai Laut Regency.

The reduced Banggai Islands Regency thus comprises the main island of Peleng together with various small offshore islands. It covers an area of 2,488.79 km2 and has a population of 109,384 at the 2010 census[2] and 120,142 at the 2020 Census;[3] the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 121,684.[4] The archipelago is surrounded by the Banda Sea's Gulf of Tolo (Teluk Tolo), and the Molucca Sea. The Peleng Straits (Selat Peleng) separate it from mainland Sulawesi.

Administrative Districts

The Banggai Islands Regency is divided into twelve districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [5] and the 2020 Census,[6] together with the official estimates as at mid 2021.[7] The table also includes the location of the district headquarters, the numbers of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan, totalling 141 and 3 respectively) and of offshore islands in each district, and its postal codes.

District
Name
Area
in km2
Population
Census
2010
Population
Census
2020
Population
Estimate
mid 2021
Administrative
centre
No. of
villages
No. of
islands
Post
codes
Totikum 155.45 9,869 10,473 10,568 Sambiut 11 4 94884
Totikum Selatan
(South Totikum)
95.19 8,036 8,499 8,574 Kalumbatan 8 - 94887
Tinangkung 312.60 13,201 17,194 17,699 Salakan 11 (a) 52 94885
Tinangkung Selatan (South Tinangkum) 187.89 7,204 7,989 8,096 Mansamat 9 - 94885 (a)
Tinangkung Utara (North Tinangkung) 136.65 7,670 8,694 8,829 Batulombo 6 - 94886
Liang 176.19 3,076 8,531 9,629 Liang 16 65 94883
Peling Tengah (Central Peling) 140.00 9,244 10,397 10,551 Patukuki 11 - 94888
Bulagi 275.66 9,529 9,493 9,524 Bulagi Satu 16 (b) 2 94882 (b)
Bulagi Selatan (South Bulagi) 319.00 9,716 9,713 9,745 Lolantang 20 8 94882
Bulagi Utara
(North Bulagi)
318.00 8,890 9,640 9,748 Sambulangan 12 (c) - 94889
Buko 184.84 9,376 9,880 9,965 Tabata 13 21 94881
Buko Selatan (South Buko) 187.32 7,881 8,649 8,756 Lumbi-lumbia 11 - 94880
Totals 2,488.79 109,384 120,142 121,684 144 224

Notes: (a) including kelurahan of Salakan. (b) including kelurahan of Bulagi (town). (c) including kelurahan of Sabang.

Transportation

Merpati Nusantara Airlines served the islands from Palu (the capital of Central Sulawesi Province).[citation needed] There is also a bus service via Luwuk and thence by boat or ship to Banggai.

Endangered Banggai Cardinalfish

The Banggai Islands is home to the Banggai cardinalfish.[8] This species has an extremely limited geographic range (5,500 km2) and small total population size (estimated at 2.4 million). The Banggai cardinalfish is composed of isolated populations concentrated around the shallows of 17 large and 10 small islands within the Banggai Archipelago. It is threatened by extinction due to collection for the aquarium trade.[9]

Climate

Salakan has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from August to January and heavy rainfall from February to July.

Climate data for Salakan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
31.3
(88.3)
31.0
(87.8)
30.5
(86.9)
30.1
(86.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
32.2
(90.0)
31.3
(88.3)
31.1
(87.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
27.0
(80.6)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81.0)
26.9
(80.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
26.8
(80.2)
27.1
(80.8)
27.8
(82.0)
27.2
(81.0)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
23.3
(73.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.5
(72.5)
22.3
(72.1)
22.4
(72.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
23.0
(73.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 114
(4.5)
135
(5.3)
172
(6.8)
203
(8.0)
219
(8.6)
266
(10.5)
192
(7.6)
117
(4.6)
79
(3.1)
71
(2.8)
88
(3.5)
94
(3.7)
1,750
(69)
Source: Climate-Data.org[10]

References

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  5. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  8. ^ Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2015). "Pterapogon kauderni" in FishBase. August 2015 version.
  9. ^ Allen, G.R. (2000). "Environmental Biology of Fishes". 57 (2): 142. doi:10.1023/A:1007639909422. S2CID 38435909. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "Climate: Salakan". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
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