Bäherden

Bäherden
Baharly 2003-2018
Bäherden is located in Turkmenistan
Bäherden
Bäherden
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 38°25′49″N 57°26′13″E / 38.43028°N 57.43694°E / 38.43028; 57.43694Coordinates: 38°25′49″N 57°26′13″E / 38.43028°N 57.43694°E / 38.43028; 57.43694
Country Turkmenistan
ProvinceAhal Province
DistrictBäherden District
Government
 • HäkimDörtguly Hojaýew [1]
Population
 ((2008))[2]
 • Total24,139

Bäherden,[3] formerly Baherly (2003-2018), is a city and the seat of Baherden District in the Ahal Province of Turkmenistan. It lies on the northern rim of the Kopet Dag mountain range, south-west of the resort village of Archman.

Etymology

According to Atanyyazow, some archaeologists have related it to a village called Abhadaran, located 3 to 4 kilometers northeast of Bäherden, but local greybeards interpret it as deriving from Bahrizen ("the lake of your wife") and Maharram (the name of the queen of a one-time chief of Durun).[4]

Baharly means "springlike" in Turkmen: according to Niyazov, Turkmens—during the times of Oghuz Khagan—spent their springtime in the area.[5]

History

The settlement was conquered and incorporated into Russia in 1881 following the Battle of Geok-Tepe. At the end of the 19th century, it housed 789 people and was a stop along the Trans-Caspian Railway. Bäherden was administrative center of the Bäherden district of the Turkmen SSR. On February 3, 2008, it received the status of a city.[citation needed]

Industry

The Bäherden Cement Plant, put into operation in 2005, has a design capacity of one million tons of cement per year.[6]

People

References

  1. ^ "Бердымухамедов сменил руководителей некоторых этрапов и городов Туркменистана | Политика".
  2. ^ Population census 1989 Archived 2012-01-18 at the Wayback Machine, Demoscope Weekly, No. 359-360, 1-18 January 2009 (search for Туркменская ССР) (in Russian)
  3. ^ turkmenportal. "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ахалского велаята | Политика". Туркменистан, интернет портал о культурной, деловой и развлекательной жизни в Туркменистане (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-11-02.
  4. ^ Atanyýazow, Soltanşa (1980). Түркменистаның Географик Атларының Дүшүндиришли Сөзлүги [Explanatory Dictionary of Geographic Names in Turkmenistan]. Ashgabat: Ылым. p. 73.
  5. ^ Brummell, Paul (2005). Turkmenistan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-84162-144-9.
  6. ^ "Бахарденский цементный завод увеличил темп роста производства на 100,44%" (in Russian). Turkmenportal. 21 August 2020.
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