Azumino

Azumino
安曇野市
Azumino City Hall
Azumino City Hall
Flag of Azumino
Official seal of Azumino
Location of Azumino in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Azumino in Nagano Prefecture
Azumino is located in Japan
Azumino
Azumino
 
Coordinates: 36°18′14.17″N 137°54′20.81″E / 36.3039361°N 137.9057806°E / 36.3039361; 137.9057806Coordinates: 36°18′14.17″N 137°54′20.81″E / 36.3039361°N 137.9057806°E / 36.3039361; 137.9057806
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
PrefectureNagano
Government
 • MayorMunehiro Miyazawa
Area
 • Total331.78 km2 (128.10 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2019)
 • Total97,800
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0263-71-2000
Address4932-26 Toyoshina, Azumino-shi, Nagano-ken 399-8205
ClimateCfa/Dfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerWasabi
TreeZelkova serrata
Mount Jonen in Azumino

Azumino (安曇野市, Azumino-shi) is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 97,761 in 39744 households.[1] and a population density of 290 persons per km2. Its total area is 331.78 square kilometres (128.10 sq mi).

Etymology of Azumino

Azumino is a combination of two words, "Azumi" and "no". "Azumi" comes from the Azumi people, who are said to have moved to the "no" (plain) in ancient times. The Azumi people originally lived in northern Kyushu, and were famed for their skills in fishing and navigation. "The Azumi people" can be translated as "the people who live on the sea." The reason why the seafaring people migrated to this mountainous region is a mystery.

Geography

Azumino is located in the Azumino Plateau on the northwestern end of the Matsumoto Basin, between mountain ranges to the west and east. The range of mountains on the western border is known as the Northern Alps (Hida Mountains) and is popular among hikers all over Japan. To the south is the city of Matsumoto, Nagano prefecture's second largest city. To the north lies the city of Ōmachi, and north of Ōmachi is the village of Hakuba. Hakuba was the site of many of the ski events during the 1998 Winter Olympic Games. Mount Jōnen at 2,857 metres (9,373 ft) is the highest elevation in the city.

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Azumino is 11.8 °C (53.2 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,108.7 mm (43.65 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.7 °C (76.5 °F), and lowest in January, at around −0.8 °C (30.6 °F).[2] The mountainous portions of the city are considered part of the snow country of Japan, with heavy accumulations of snow in winter.

Azumino city min/max temperature & rainfall
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
45
 
 
4
−5
 
 
46
 
 
6
−5
 
 
84
 
 
11
−1
 
 
84
 
 
18
4
 
 
96
 
 
23
10
 
 
124
 
 
26
15
 
 
146
 
 
30
20
 
 
107
 
 
31
20
 
 
156
 
 
26
16
 
 
127
 
 
20
9
 
 
58
 
 
14
2
 
 
38
 
 
7
−3
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.8
 
 
40
22
 
 
1.8
 
 
42
23
 
 
3.3
 
 
51
29
 
 
3.3
 
 
64
39
 
 
3.8
 
 
74
50
 
 
4.9
 
 
79
59
 
 
5.7
 
 
85
67
 
 
4.2
 
 
88
68
 
 
6.1
 
 
79
61
 
 
5
 
 
67
48
 
 
2.3
 
 
56
36
 
 
1.5
 
 
45
28
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate data for Hotaka, Azumino (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
20.6
(69.1)
25.1
(77.2)
31.0
(87.8)
34.5
(94.1)
36.1
(97.0)
37.8
(100.0)
37.7
(99.9)
36.1
(97.0)
29.6
(85.3)
24.8
(76.6)
20.3
(68.5)
37.8
(100.0)
Average high °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
5.8
(42.4)
10.7
(51.3)
17.8
(64.0)
23.4
(74.1)
26.1
(79.0)
29.6
(85.3)
31.1
(88.0)
25.9
(78.6)
19.5
(67.1)
13.5
(56.3)
7.3
(45.1)
17.9
(64.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
0.1
(32.2)
4.1
(39.4)
10.4
(50.7)
16.2
(61.2)
20.0
(68.0)
23.8
(74.8)
24.7
(76.5)
20.2
(68.4)
13.6
(56.5)
7.2
(45.0)
1.9
(35.4)
11.8
(53.2)
Average low °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−5.0
(23.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.8
(38.8)
9.9
(49.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.5
(67.1)
20.2
(68.4)
15.9
(60.6)
8.9
(48.0)
2.1
(35.8)
−2.5
(27.5)
6.8
(44.2)
Record low °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−17.1
(1.2)
−12.8
(9.0)
−7.5
(18.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.7
(42.3)
12.0
(53.6)
10.9
(51.6)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.8
(28.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
−14.2
(6.4)
−17.1
(1.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45.4
(1.79)
45.5
(1.79)
83.8
(3.30)
83.5
(3.29)
95.6
(3.76)
123.7
(4.87)
145.5
(5.73)
106.7
(4.20)
155.8
(6.13)
126.6
(4.98)
58.4
(2.30)
38.2
(1.50)
1,108.7
(43.65)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.4 6.6 9.4 8.6 8.9 10.6 12.5 10.1 10.5 8.7 6.6 6.9 105.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 139.9 148.3 172.1 193.9 201.6 149.0 151.2 184.3 131.4 137.1 135.1 130.2 1,874.1
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][2]

History

The area of present-day Azumino was part of ancient Shinano Province. The area was part of the holdings of Matsumoto Domain during the Edo period. The modern city of Azumino was established on October 1, 2005, by the merger of the town of Akashina (from Higashichikuma District), the towns of Hotaka and Toyoshina, and the villages of Horigane and Misato (all from Minamiazumi District).

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Azumino has recently plateaued after several decades of growth.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 66,564—    
1970 65,690−1.3%
1980 75,209+14.5%
1990 83,154+10.6%
2000 92,864+11.7%
2010 96,461+3.9%
2020 94,222−2.3%

Government

Azumino has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 22 members.

Education

Azumino has ten public elementary schools and seven public middle schools. The city has four public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation

Railway

Highway

Sister cities

Domestic

International

Local attractions

Daio Wasabi Farm

Notable people from Azumino

  • Keikoku Fujimori (1835–1905), artist & educator
  • Kigenji Iguchi (1870–1938), educator
  • Kiyoshi Kiyosawa (1890–1945), journalist
  • Kei Kumai (1930–2007), film director
  • Kyūsaku Matsuzawa (1855–1887), people's rights activist
  • Risaku Mutai (1890–1974), philosopher
  • Rokuzan Ogiwara (1879–1910), sculptor
  • Aizō Sōma (1870–1954), founded Nakamuraya
  • Tada Kasuke (?–1687), executed farmer
  • Setsuro Takahashi (1914–2007), lacquerware artist
  • Etsujirō Uehara (1877–1962), political scientist & politician
  • Yoshimi Usui (1905–1987), editor & writer
  • Masaaki Iinuma (1912–1941), pilot & aviation pioneer

References

  1. ^ Azuminio city official statistics(in Japanese)
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  4. ^ Azumino population statistics
  5. ^ Azumino city official home page Archived 2017-03-08 at the Wayback Machine(in Japanese)
  6. ^ "Matsumoto Welcomes You! - Sightseeing - Daio Wasabi Farm". Archived from the original on 2016-04-08. Retrieved 2014-02-21.

External links

Media related to Azumino, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official Website (in Japanese)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Azumino&oldid=1113354014"