Arviat

Arviat
ᐊᕐᕕᐊᑦ
Two of the churches in Arviat
Two of the churches in Arviat
Flag of Arviat
Arviat is located in Nunavut
Arviat
Arviat
Arviat is located in Canada
Arviat
Arviat
Coordinates: 61°06′30″N 094°03′30″W / 61.10833°N 94.05833°W / 61.10833; -94.05833[1]Coordinates: 61°06′30″N 094°03′30″W / 61.10833°N 94.05833°W / 61.10833; -94.05833[1]
CountryCanada
TerritoryNunavut
RegionKivalliq
Electoral districtArviat North-Whale Cove
Arviat South
Government
[2][3][4]
 • TypeHamlet
 • MayorJoe Savikataaq Jr.
 • Senior Administrative OfficerSteve England
 • MLA for Arviat North-Whale CoveJohn Main
 • MLA for Arviat SouthJoe Savikataaq
Area
 (2021)[5][6]
 • Total126.14 km2 (48.70 sq mi)
 • Population Centre2.42 km2 (0.93 sq mi)
Elevation
[7]
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2021)[5][6]
 • Total2,657
 • Density22.7/km2 (59/sq mi)
 • Population Centre
2,766
 • Population Centre density1,143.6/km2 (2,962/sq mi)
DemonymsArviaqmiut,[8] Arviatmiut[9]
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
Postal code
Area code867
Websitewww.arviat.ca

Arviat (Inuktitut pronunciation: [aʁviˈat], syllabics: ᐊᕐᕕᐊᑦ; formerly called Eskimo Point until 1 June 1989) is a predominantly Inuit hamlet located on the western shore of Hudson Bay in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arviat ("place of the bowhead whale") is derived from the Inuktitut word arviq meaning "Bowhead whale". Earlier in history, its name was Tikirajualaaq ("a little long point"), and Ittaliurvik, ("a place where the people make tents").[10]

Demographics

Federal census population history of Arviat
YearPop.±%
1976848—    
19811,022+20.5%
19861,189+16.3%
19911,323+11.3%
19961,559+17.8%
20011,899+21.8%
20062,060+8.5%
20112,318+12.5%
20162,657+14.6%
20212,864+7.8%
Source: Statistics Canada
[5][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Arviat had a population of 2,864 living in 632 of its 694 total private dwellings, a change of 7.8% from its 2016 population of 2,657. With a land area of 126.14 km2 (48.70 sq mi), it had a population density of 22.7/km2 (58.8/sq mi) in 2021.[5]

Community

Arviat is the southernmost community on the Nunavut mainland and is close to the geographical centre of Canada. In Arviat, Inuktitut and English are primarily spoken, having the third largest population in Nunavut, behind Rankin Inlet and Iqaluit. From the 2011 Canadian census to the 2016 Canadian census there was a population increase of 14.6%.[19] The mayor of Arviat is Joe Savikataaq (Jr.).[2] The hamlet of Arviat also possesses a Tim Hortons in the Northern Store and a self-serve Tim Hortons in the Quick Stop (owned by Northern Store).

The community became a hamlet under the name Eskimo Point (name first appeared on maps in 1738) in 1977.[20]

Cargo and passenger air service is provided by Calm Air,[21] Canadian North[citation needed] and Nolinor Aviation (charter only)[22] out of Arviat Airport. Destinations include other settlements in Nunavut and Manitoba, including Winnipeg.[21]

An elder of Arviat

Hunting and fishing are very active in the community; they are the primary source of sustenance. Four locally operated stores - Padlei Co-op, Northern Stores, Arctic Connection and Eskimo Point Lumber Supply - carry a wide range of products.

To the south, the town of Churchill, Manitoba is accessible by boat (summer and fall only), snowmobile and Bombardier from Arviat and is often travelled to for supplies.

Arviat is well known around the Arctic for its artistic qualities. It is a thriving community with many talented musicians: Susan Aglukark, a well known musician; Simon "Johnny Cash of the North" Sigyariaq; the band Uniaqtuq, with Arsene, Pelagie and Mary Angalik; the Arviat Band, with John and Billy Kuksuk, Paul Kattau and others; the Irksuk band, played by Paul Irksuk and sons. All have had CDs recorded commercially.

Many types of wildlife are abundant. Within the vicinity of Arviat, polar bears, millions of migratory birds, beluga whales, and caribou are often spotted.

The only access is by air and snowmobile, but the Nunavut government and the federal Senate member for Nunavut, Dennis Patterson, are investigating the possibility of a highway from Thompson, Lynn Lake, or Gillam to Rankin Inlet, through Arviat. Like other Arctic coast communities there is an annual sealift but it is not available to passengers.

Arviat was originally inhabited by the Paallirmiut, a coastal/inland Inuit band. In 1957, dying of starvation, the last remaining Ihalmiut, another Caribou Inuit band, were relocated to Arviat by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Though there are differences between the two bands, they recognize a need to work together in order to benefit the community.[23]

In 1993, Mark Kalluak[24] published a historical essay on soapstone carving in Arviat, entitled Pelts to Stone. A History of Arts and Crafts Production in Arviat.[25]

Arviat was featured in Dancing Towards the Light, a 2017 CBC News short film and article telling the story of the hamlet's annual dance competition.[26][27]

The community is home to Arviaqpaluk Radio, a community radio station which operates under an exemption from CRTC licensing for low-power broadcasters.[28]

Politics

The community is represented in the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut by John Main in the electoral district of Arviat North-Whale Cove, and Joe Savikataaq in Arviat South. Savikataaq was Premier of Nunavut from 2018 to 2021.

Savikataaq's son, Joe Savikataaq Jr., became mayor of the community in March 2020, following the death in office of Bob Leonard.[29]

Recreation

The Hudson Bay Quest sled-dog race was run from Churchill to Arviat for the first time in 2004.

Internet

The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice.

Climate

Based on the Köppen climate classification Arviat has a subarctic climate, but has a polar climate by the Nordenskjöld classification, and is north of the Arctic tree line. Spring is slow to warm up, with June being cooler than September and May cooler than October. With a yearly mean of −9.3 °C (15.3 °F) it is the third-warmest in Nunavut and the maximum of 33.9 °C (93.0 °F) recorded on 22 July 1973[30] is second only to Kugluktuk. Arviat has a yearly rainfall of 174.4 mm (6.87 in), the fourth-wettest in Nunavut, but only 112.4 cm (44.3 in) of snow, the third-least.[31]

Climate data for Arviat (Arviat Airport)
Climate ID: 2300MKF; coordinates 61°06′N 94°04′W / 61.100°N 94.067°W / 61.100; -94.067 (Arviat Airport); elevation: 10.4 m (34 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1973–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
4.0
(39.2)
14.5
(58.1)
30.8
(87.4)
33.9
(93.0)
30.0
(86.0)
23.0
(73.4)
18.1
(64.6)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.7
(45.9)
15.1
(59.2)
14.2
(57.6)
7.3
(45.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−12.0
(10.4)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −29.3
(−20.7)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.4
(39.9)
11.1
(52.0)
10.8
(51.4)
4.8
(40.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−16.1
(3.0)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
Average low °C (°F) −33.1
(−27.6)
−32.4
(−26.3)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
7.3
(45.1)
2.2
(36.0)
−6.2
(20.8)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−13.0
(8.6)
Record low °C (°F) −48.3
(−54.9)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.1
(0.40)
6.6
(0.26)
11.4
(0.45)
12.5
(0.49)
18.2
(0.72)
29.6
(1.17)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
44.0
(1.73)
24.5
(0.96)
18.6
(0.73)
18.3
(0.72)
286.5
(11.28)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(0.02)
6.1
(0.24)
26.3
(1.04)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
41.2
(1.62)
7.6
(0.30)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
174.4
(6.87)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 10.1
(4.0)
6.6
(2.6)
11.4
(4.5)
12.1
(4.8)
12.1
(4.8)
3.2
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.8
(1.1)
16.9
(6.7)
18.8
(7.4)
18.3
(7.2)
112.4
(44.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.4 7.2 9.1 7.1 7.6 8.0 8.9 14.1 12.6 10.8 10.3 8.1 111.3
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.0 7.4 8.9 14.1 11.6 2.8 0.0 0.0 47.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.4 7.2 9.1 7.0 5.8 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.1 8.2 10.3 8.1 65.0
Average relative humidity (%) 69.1 69.9 74.4 79.8 84.6 76.8 72.7 74.7 74.6 84.1 80.7 73.3 76.2
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada[31][32]


See also

References

  1. ^ "Arviat". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada.
  2. ^ a b "Nunavummiut elect new municipal leaders". Nunatsiaq News. 10 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Results for the constituency of Arviat North-Whale Cove". Elections Nunavut. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Results for the constituency of Arviat South". Elections Nunavut. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Population Centre". Statistics Canada. 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  7. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  8. ^ Demonyms—From coast to coast to coastArchived 21 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Arctic College NewsArchived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Arviat, Nunavut". nu.ca. Archived from the original on 14 August 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2008.
  11. ^ "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  12. ^ "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  13. ^ "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  14. ^ "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 20 August 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  17. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  19. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  20. ^ Kudelik, Gail (4 March 2015). "Arviat". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada.
  21. ^ a b "Calm Air schedule". Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  22. ^ "Nunavut joint-venture airline signs 10-year deal with Agnico Eagle". Nunatsiaq News. 14 November 2017.
  23. ^ "About Arviat". inuitarteskimoart.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2007.
  24. ^ Mark Kalluak
  25. ^ Pelts to Stone. A History of Arts and Crafts Production in Arviat
  26. ^ "Dancing towards the light". CBC News. 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  27. ^ Dancing Towards the Light at IMDb
  28. ^ "How radio is lifting spirits in a Nunavut hamlet hit hard by COVID-19". The Current. CBC Radio. 10 March 2021.
  29. ^ "New Arviat mayor reflects on the value of community services during a pandemic". CBC North. 5 September 2020.
  30. ^ "Extremes for Arviat". Canada Weather Stats. (Data from) Environment and Climate Change Canada. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Arviat A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2300MKF. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  32. ^ "Arviat Climate". Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2017.

Further reading

  • Dawson, Peter C. (2004). An Examination of the Use of Domestic Space by Inuit Families Living in Arviat, Nunavut (PDF) (Report). Ottawa: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation.
  • Dana, Léo-Paul; Anderson, Robert Brent (2011). "The Evolution of Entrepreneurship in Arviat: The Southernmost Community of Mainland Nunavut". International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business. 14 (4): 508–532. doi:10.1504/IJESB.2011.043473. S2CID 145266139.
  • Inuit Gallery of Vancouver. Arviat Artists of the Past, Present, and Future. Vancouver: Inuit Gallery of Vancouver, 1997. ISBN 0-9682123-1-X
  • Kalluak, Mark. Pelts to Stone A History of Arts & Crafts Production in Arviat. [Ottawa]: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1993. ISBN 0-662-20847-1
  • Maguire, Mary, and Lynn McAlpine. Attautsikut/Together Understanding Culture, Change and Success in Qitiqliq Secondary School and Arviat. Exemplary schools project technical report, 8. Toronto: Canadian Education Association, 1995. ISBN 0-920315-86-0
  • Sharp, Jason M. Ground Truthing of Linear Magnetic Anomalies Near Arviat, Nunavut Territory. Yellowknife, NT: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, NWT eology Division, 1999.
  • Swinton, George. Arviat Eskimo Point. Vancouver: Marion Scott Gallery, 1989. ISBN 0-921634-06-4
  • Tyrrell, M. 2006. "Making Sense of Contaminants: A Case Study of Arviat, Nunavut". Arctic. 59, no. 4: 370-380.

External links

  • Official website
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arviat&oldid=1099348614"