Aresh uezd

Aresh uezd
Арешскій уѣздъ
Coat of arms of Aresh uezd
Location in the Elizavetpol Governorate
Location in the Elizavetpol Governorate
CountryRussian Empire
ViceroyaltyCaucasus
GovernorateElizavetpol
Established1874
Abolished1929
CapitalAresh (Agdash)
Area
 • Total2,638.21 km2 (1,018.62 sq mi)
Population
 (1916)
 • Total99,400
 • Density38/km2 (98/sq mi)
 • Rural
100.00%

The Aresh uezd (pre-reform Russian: Аре́шскій уѣ́здъ, tr. Aréshsky uyézd; Azerbaijani: Ərəş qəzası) was an uezd ("county") of the Elizavetpol Governorate of the Russian Empire and later of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic with its center in Aresh (Agdash) from 1874[1] until its formal abolition in 1929 by Soviet authorities.[2][3]

Geography

The Aresh uezd was located in the northeastern section of Elizavetpol Governorate, on the eastern bank of the Kura River, bordering the Baku Governorate to the east, the Nukha uezd to the north, the Elizavetpol uezd to the northwest and Jebrail uezd to the southwest. The area of the uezd was 2822.9 square verst. The territory of the uezd was mainly made up of lowlands.[4] The uezd center was initially in Uchkovakh, later being moved to Agdash, which was considered the largest cotton-trading center in the lowlands of Transcaucasia.[3]

History

The territory of Aresh uezd was located in the Turyanchay River basin. The area was called Aresh (Azerbaijani: Ərəş) in the Middle Ages and formed a part of Shirvan Baylarbaylik which was gradually made significantly weaker after repeated Ottoman-Safavid conflicts on its territory, eventually being subdued into the Shaki Khanate in the 1750s.

After the establishment of Russian rule, Aresh was a part of Nukha uezd of Baku Governorate, however, in 1874, the territory was detached and established as a separate Aresh uezd of the newly established Elizavetpol Governorate in 1868.

The Aresh uezd was formally abolished by Soviet authorities in 1929, and superseded by the Agdash Rayon, which was established in its place in 1930.[5]

Administrative divisions

The uchastoks ("subcounties") of the Aresh uezd in 1912 were as follows:[6]

Uchastok Russian name 1912 population Area
sq. vst. sq. km.
1st 1-й участокъ 34,078 575.84 655.34
2nd 2-й участокъ 28,410 890.66 1,013.63
3rd 3-й участокъ 10,420 851.60 969.17

Economy

The population was engaged primarily in agricultural farming and gardening. During summers, they would take the cattle to the mountains and return only in September. Wool production played an important role in the economy of uezd.[4]

Demographics

Russian Empire census (1897)

According to the Russian Empire Census of 1897, the Aresh uezd had a population of 67,277, including 36,623 men and 30,654 women. The plurality of the population indicated Tatar (Azerbaijani) to be their mother tongue, with significant Armenian and Kyurin (Lezgian) speaking minorities.[7][8]

Linguistic composition of the Aresh uezd in 1897[7]
Language Native speakers %
Tatar[a] 47,133 70.06
Armenian 13,822 20.54
Kyurin 5,869 8.72
Russian 155 0.23
Kazi-Kumukh 128 0.19
Avar-Andean 71 0.11
Jewish 34 0.05
Greek 8 0.01
Persian 8 0.01
Georgian 8 0.01
Belarusian 7 0.01
Polish 6 0.01
Udi 4 0.01
German 1 0.00
Other 23 0.03
TOTAL 67,277 100.00

Caucasian Calendar (1917)

The 1917 Caucasian Calendar which produced statistics of 1916 indicates 99,400 residents in the Aresh uezd, including 53,144 men and 46,256 women, 97,280 of whom were the permanent population, and 2,180 were temporary residents. The statistics indicated Sunni Muslims to be the overwhelming majority of the population of the uezd with significant Armenian and Shia Muslim minorities:[9]

Nationality Number %
Sunni Muslims 62,155 62.53
Armenians 19,161 19.28
Shia Muslims 16,935 17.04
Russians[b] 1,047 1.05
Roma 37 0.04
Asiatic Christians 30 0.03
Jews 15 0.02
Other Europeans 13 0.01
Georgians 7 0.01
TOTAL 99,400 100.00

Notes

  1. ^ Later known as Azerbaijani.
  2. ^ The Caucasian Calendar did not distinguish between Russians, Ukrainians, and Belarusians.

References

  1. ^ Agaian, Tshatur (1956). Крестьянская реформа в Азербайджане в 1870 году [Peasant reforms in Azerbaijan in 1870]. Baku, Azerbaijan: National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR. p. 61. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Elisavetpol (government)" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 280; see three lines from end. The government is divided into eight districts, Elisavetpol, Aresh......
  3. ^ a b "Большой энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона. Агдаш" [Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedia Dictionary. Agdash]. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
  4. ^ a b "Большой энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона. Арешский уезд" [Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedia Dictionary. Areshsky Uyezd]. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
  5. ^ Khalafov, M.S. (1964). История государства и права Азербайджанской ССР [History of State and Law of Azerbaijan SSR]. Vol. 1. Baku, Azerbaijan: National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR. Institute of Philosophy and Law. p. 46. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  6. ^ Кавказский календарь на 1913 год [Caucasian calendar for 1913] (in Russian) (68th ed.). Tiflis: Tipografiya kantselyarii Ye.I.V. na Kavkaze, kazenny dom. 1913. pp. 152–159. Archived from the original on 19 April 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Первая всеобщая перепись населения Российской Империи 1897 г. Распределение населения по родному языку и уездам Российской Империи кроме губерний Европейской России" [First All Russian Imperial Census of 1897. Population split according to languages spoken; uyezds of Russian empire except for governorates in European part of empire]. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  8. ^ "АРЕШСКИЙ УЕЗД (1897 г.)" [Areshskiy Uyezd (1897)]. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
  9. ^ Кавказский календарь на 1917 год [Caucasian calendar for 1917] (in Russian) (72nd ed.). Tiflis: Tipografiya kantselyarii Ye.I.V. na Kavkaze, kazenny dom. 1917. pp. 190–197. Archived from the original on 4 November 2021.

Coordinates: 40°39′00″N 47°28′34″E / 40.65000°N 47.47611°E / 40.65000; 47.47611

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