Riyadh Province

Riyadh Province
منطقة الرياض
Map of Saudi Arabia with Riyadh highlighted
Map of Saudi Arabia with Riyadh highlighted
Coordinates: 23°0′N 45°30′E / 23.000°N 45.500°E / 23.000; 45.500
Country Saudi Arabia
 • GovernorFaisal bin Bandar Al Saud
 • Deputy GovernorMohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Abdulaziz
 • Total404,240 km2 (156,080 sq mi)
 (2022 census)
 • Total8,591,748
 • Density21/km2 (55/sq mi)
 • TotalUS$ 243.8 billion (2022)[1]
Post Code
The governorates of Riyadh Region

The Riyadh Province (Arabic: منطقة الرياض Manṭiqat ar-Riyāḍ), also known as the Riyadh Region, is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the geographic center of the country and the center of the Arabian Peninsula. It has an area of 404,240 km2 (156,080 sq mi) and with a 2022 population of 8,591,748,[3] it is the second-largest region by area, behind the Eastern Province and the largest by population. The capital governorate of the province is the Riyadh Governorate and it is named after the capital of the kingdom, Riyadh, which is the most populous city in the region and the kingdom, with a little less than two-thirds of the population of the region residing within the city. The province was governed for nearly five decades by Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz from 1963 to 2011 shortly before he became the Crown Prince in 2012. Currently, it is governed by Prince Faisal bin Bandar.

Other populous cities in the region include Al Ghat, Dawadmi, Afif, Zulfi and Majma'ah. Approximately half of the region's area is desert, and it only borders other regions of the kingdom; it has no international borders. The region borders, clockwise from the north, the Eastern Province, Najran Region, 'Asir Region, Mecca Region, Medina Region and the Al-Qassim Region. It is one of the 7 regions of the kingdom that do not have a coastline.


Population development since 1992:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


In addition to the Municipality of Riyadh, the region is divided into 19 governorates (muhafazat) and 1 sub-governorate (markaz):

Modern history of Riyadh Province and Saudi Arabia

Period from to Timeline
First Saudi State 1727 1818 74 years
Khedewian Invasion 1818 1824 6 years
Second Saudi State "first period" 1824 1838 14 years
Khedewian Invasion "secondly" 1838 1843 5 years
Second Saudi State "second period" 1843 1865 22 years
Civil War 1865 1887 22 years
(Conquests of Abdul Aziz Al-Saud "he began to Riyadh") Third Saudi State 1902 1932 30 years
(End of Conquests) "Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" 1932 .... ...

List of governors

Name[5] Dates
Muhammad bin Saad bin Zaid 1929–1936
Prince Nasser bin Abdulaziz 1937–28 May 1947
Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz 29 May 1947 – 19 December 1952
Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz (on behalf of Prince Sultan) 3 March – 19 December 1952
Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz 20 December 1952 – 18 April 1955
Prince Salman bin Abdul-Aziz (on behalf of Prince Nayef) 16 March 1954 – 18 April 1955
King Salman bin Abdulaziz 18 April 1955 – 22 September 1960
Prince Turki bin Abdul-Aziz (on behalf of Prince Salman) 10–21 Oct 1957 – 1957; 31 October 1960
Prince Fawaz bin Abdulaziz 11 September 1961 – 20 January 1963
Prince Badr bin Saud bin Abdulaziz 20 Jan – 5 February 1963
Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz 5 February 1963 – 5 November 2011
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz 5 November 2011 – 12 February 2013
Prince Khalid bin Bandar Al Saud 14 February 2013 – 14 May 2014
Prince Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud 14 May 2014 – 29 January 2015
Prince Faisal bin Bandar Al Saud 29 January 2015 – present


  1. ^ "Estimating Saudi Arabia's Regional GDP Using Satellite Nighttime Light Images" (PDF), www.kapsarc.org
  2. ^ "Riyad Postal code". cz. 20 July 2023. Retrieved 30 January 2023.
  3. ^ "Population Characteristics surveys" (PDF). General Authority for Statistics. 2017.
  4. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Regions & Major Cities – Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
  5. ^ "Riyadh Princes". Riyadh.gov.sa. Retrieved 27 March 2012.

External links

  • Official website (in Arabic)
  • "Official website". (in English)
  • "Riyadh Province". Splendid Arabia. Travel. 17 August 2013.
  • Central Department of Statistics and Information (CDSI), official Saudi census figures from 2004:
    • "Distribution of Population in the Kingdom's Administrative Regions by Gender and Nationality (Saudis, Non-Saudis)". Archived from the original on 3 January 2008.
    • "Distribution of Population in the Governorates of the Kingdom by Sex and Nationality (Saudis, Non-Saudis)". (CDSI). Archived from the original on 3 January 2008.
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