Anenii Noi District
|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|Administrative center |
|• Raion President||Vladimir Vâzdoagă (PCRM), since 2007|
|• Total||892 km2 (344 sq mi)|
|• Density||89/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code||+373 65|
Anenii Noi District (Romanian: Raionul Anenii Noi, pronunciation: [aˈnenij ˈnoj]) is a district (raion) in the central part of Moldova. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 83,100. Its seat is the city of Anenii Noi.
Localities with the oldest documentary attestation are Gura Bîcului, Teliţa, Mereni localities documented for the first time in 1443–1475. In the following centuries to develop the economy (trade, agriculture, customs duties), and shows a significant demographic growth. The first documentary of the city Anenii Noi is June 27, 1731, with the name Pascani pe Bîc. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812-1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918-1940, 1941-1944), the district is part of the Chişinău County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Chişinău County (1991-2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.
Anenii Noi District is located in the central part of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following district: Criuleni District in north, east Grigoriopol District, Căuşeni District in south, Ialoveni District and Municipality of Chişinău in the west. Flat relief, the plain. Altitudes range from 30 m in the Lower Nistru plain, to 200–250 m in the hills of northern district. Erosion processes with a low intensity.
Temperate continental climate with annual average temperature +10 C, July average temperature +22 C, January average yearly precipitation -4 c. Yearly precipitation 500–600 mm. Average wind speed 3–5 m\s.
Anenii Noi District is located in the Nistru river basin, which crosses the district in the east. The most important tributary of this is Bîc River (155 km). The largest lake is Lake Sălaș located near locality Gura Bîcului, with an area of 3.72 km2 (1.44 sq mi). It is the third largest natural lake in Moldova.
Anenii Noi District has 1 town, 25 communes and 19 villages.
Communes and villages
- Cobusca Nouă
- Cobusca Veche
- Gura Bîcului
- Merenii Noi
- Ochiul Roş
1 January 2012 the district population was 83,100 of which 10.3% urban and 89.7% rural population
- Births (2010): 988 (11.9 per 1000)
- Deaths 2010): 1018 (12.3 per 1000)
- Growth rate (2010): -30 (-0.4 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||% of total|
Footnote: * There is an ongoing controversy regarding the ethnic identification of Moldovans and Romanians.
- Christians – 96.7%
- Other – 2.0%
- No Religion – 1.1%
- Atheists – 0.2%
There are 12,555 businesses registered in the district. The share of agricultural land is 66,673 ha (74.7%) of total land area. The arable land occupies 52,161 ha (58.5%) of the total area of agricultural land: 2996 ha (3.4%), plantations of orchards, 3826 ha (4.3%) of vineyards, 4497 ha (5.0%) pastures, 335 ha (0.4%) others.
The district Anenii Noi, 36 educational institutions operate. Total number of students: 10,867 students in schools, 120 children polyvalent vocational schools. Currently the schools in the district operates 860 teachers.
During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 79.7%
|2010||50.23% 21,670||44.12% 19,034|
|July 2009||48.48% 19,102||47.92% 18,882|
|April 2009||32.77% 12,057||53.80% 19,799|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||19,034||44.12||−3.80|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||13,380||31.02||+12.98|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||4,406||10,21||-0.84|
|European Action Movement||763||1.76||+1.76|
|Party Alliance Our Moldova||591||1.37||−3.76|
|Total (turnout 60.14%)||43,421||100.00||
The district Anenii Noi operates: 65 artistic, two art schools, 18 teams, holding the title of the band model, 37 public libraries.
The district works: a hospital with general fund of 188 beds, a center of family doctors in the composition of which there are 16 offices of family doctors, 13 health centers, 11 health points. In health care population Anenii Noi District operates: 123 doctors, 356 average staff, nurses, 348 medical and auxiliary personnel.
- Anenii Noi Official web-site
- Anenii Noi Consiliul web-site
- "Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014". National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
- Presentation of Anenii Noi District[permanent dead link] on the website of the Ministry of Local Public Administration of Moldova
- District population per year[permanent dead link]
- Anenii Noi
- Rezultatele alegerilor din 28 noiembrie 2010 în raionul Anenii Noi