Andahuaylillas District

Andahuaylillas
The Church in Andahuaylilas
The Church in Andahuaylilas
Coordinates: 13°40′16″S 71°40′26″W / 13.67111°S 71.67389°W / -13.67111; -71.67389Coordinates: 13°40′16″S 71°40′26″W / 13.67111°S 71.67389°W / -13.67111; -71.67389
Country Peru
RegionCusco
ProvinceQuispicanchi
FoundedJanuary 2, 1857
CapitalAndahuaylillas
Subdivisions27 populated centers
Government
 • MayorVicente Salas Pilares
Area
 • Total84.6 km2 (32.7 sq mi)
Elevation
3,122 m (10,243 ft)
Population
 • Total5,399
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (PET)
UBIGEO081202

The Andahuaylillas District is one of the twelve districts in the Quispicanchi Province in Peru. Created on January 2, 1857, its capital is the town of Andahuaylillas. It is located 45 km South of Cusco. Andahuaylillas is one of the main stages of the Andean Baroque Route along with Cusco, Huaro and Urcos.

Geography

The most important river of the district is the Willkanuta.[1]

Ethnic groups

The people in the district are mainly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Quechua is the language which the majority of the population (56.06%) learnt to speak in childhood, 43.25% of the residents started speaking using the Spanish language (2007 Peru Census).[2]

Church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas

The main attraction of Andahuaylillas is its baroque church, the Church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas [es] (Spanish: San Pedro Apóstol de Andahuaylillas), dedicated to Saint Peter the Apostle. The church was built by Jesuits in the 16th-century, covering a pre-Columbian huaca.[3] Construction on the chapel started in 1570.[3] And by 1606, the church nave and the facade were completed.[3]

The church is nicknamed, "the Sistine Chapel of America" because of the magnificent frescos that adorn its walls, painted in the 1620s by Luis de Riaño and his indigenous collaborators.[4][5][6] The painting depicts the roads to heaven and to hell, and the composition was inspired by northern European prints.[7][8]

See also

References

  1. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL maps of the Quispicanchi Province (Cusco Region)
  2. ^ inei.gob.pe Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007, Frequencias: Preguntas de Población: Idioma o lengua con el que aprendió hablar (in Spanish)
  3. ^ a b c Balen, Koen Van; Verstrynge, Els (2016-11-03). Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: Anamnesis, Diagnosis, Therapy, Controls: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions (SAHC, Leuven, Belgium, 13-15 September 2016). CRC Press. p. 2112. ISBN 978-1-317-20661-3.
  4. ^ Cohen-Aponte, Ananda. "Luis de Riaño and indigenous collaborators, The Paths to Heaven and Hell, Church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas". Smarthistory.org. Retrieved 2022-08-24.
  5. ^ Blacker, Maryanne (2010-09-01). DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Peru. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-7566-8326-9.
  6. ^ Ferrero, Sebastián (2013). "Les peintures murales à San Pedro d'Andahuaylillas : agriculture et spiritualité dans les Andes". RACAR: revue d'art canadienne / Canadian Art Review (in French). 38 (2): 40–55. ISSN 0315-9906.
  7. ^ Newton, Paul (2011-02-16). Viva Travel Guides Machu Picchu and Cusco, Peru: Including the Sacred Valley and Lima. Viva Publishing Network. p. 305. ISBN 978-1-937157-01-2.
  8. ^ Cohen, Suarez A. (2013). "Painting Andean Liminalities at the Church of Andahuaylillas, Cuzco, Peru". Colonial Latin American Review. 22 (3): 369–399. doi:10.1080/10609164.2013.851323.
  • (in Spanish) Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Departamento Cusco. Retrieved on November 1, 2007.

(13°40′23″S 71°40′37″W / 13.673°S 71.677°W / -13.673; -71.677 (Andahuaylillas (town))).

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