Ananiv

Ananiv
Ананьїв
City
Ananiv
Ananjiw Panorama.jpg
Flag of Ananiv
Coat of arms of Ananiv
Ananiv is located in Odesa Oblast
Ananiv
Ananiv
Location in Ukraine
Ananiv is located in Ukraine
Ananiv
Ananiv
Ananiv (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 47°43′N 29°58′E / 47.717°N 29.967°E / 47.717; 29.967Coordinates: 47°43′N 29°58′E / 47.717°N 29.967°E / 47.717; 29.967
Country Ukraine
Oblast Odesa Oblast
RaionPodilsk Raion
Population
 (2022)
 • Total7,626
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code+380 4863
ClimateDfb

Ananiv (Ukrainian: Ананьїв, romanizedAnaniv, pronounced [ɐˈnɑnʲjiu̯] (listen); Russian: Ана́ньев; Yiddish: אַנאַניעוו, romanizedAnaniev; Romanian: Ananiev) is a city of Podilsk Raion in Odesa Oblast, Ukraine. It stands on the Tyligul River. Population: 7,626 (2022 est.).[1]

The town belonged to Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic from 1924 to 1940.

Jewish history

On this site 1500 Jews were killed by the Eisentzgrupen during the Holocaust

Jews settled in Ananiv since the 19th century. In 1820, the Jewish community in town owned a synagogue and a cemetery,[2] which no longer exists, though the new cemetery from the 20th century can be visited.[3] The Surnames on the gravestones are still visible and documented online.[4] Photos of the town Jews from the beginning of the 20th century are also visible online.[5] In April 1887, a mob attacked and destroyed 175 Jewish homes and 14 shops.[3]

In 1897, 50% of the town population was Jewish.[6] During 1919, two pogroms in town resulted in more than 40 dead Jews.[6] Under Romanian occupation, more than 330 of the town Jews were killed by Einsatzgruppen 10b.[7] In October 1941, 300 out of the 445 left town. Jews were murdered in nearby Mostove, and the rest a month later in Gvozdiovka. One of these two mass graves is signed[8] in Ukrainian and open to public.[9] In 1990, 30 Jews lived in Ananiv.[3]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  2. ^ "The Cemetery". kehilalinks.jewishgen.org.
  3. ^ a b c "Ananyev". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  4. ^ "Upper Cemetery Surnames Collected on May 1, 2005 by Alex Dunai and Andrea Massion". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
  5. ^ "Ananiev Faces". kehilalinks.jewishgen.org.
  6. ^ a b "ANANYEV - JewishEncyclopedia.com". jewishencyclopedia.com.
  7. ^ "המכון הבין-לאומי לחקר השואה - יד ושם".
  8. ^ "Ananiev Photo Album". kehilalinks.jewishgen.org.
  9. ^ "ANANYEV: Kherson | ukraine - International Jewish Cemetery Project". www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org. Archived from the original on 2014-02-26.


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