Amana (organization)

Purpose"Developing communities in Judea, Samaria, the Golan Heights, the Galilee, the Negev and Gush Katif"

Amana ('Covenant') is an Israeli settlement movement formed by Gush Emunim in 1976.[1][2] Its primary goal was "developing communities in Judea, Samaria, the Golan Heights, the Galilee, the Negev and Gush Katif."[3] The initial communities it developed were Ofra, Mevo Modi'in, Kedumim, and Ma'aleh Adumim.[3] Settlements developed in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are illegal under international law.[4]

It became a registered association in 1978.[5][6] It was also recognized by the World Zionist Organization.[7] Over time, it became nearly independent of Gush Emunim.[8]

An investigation by the Israeli police into 15 land deals conducted by the Amana subsidiary Al Watan concluded early in 2016 that 14 of the transactions were fraudulent.[9] One method used involved giving a suitcase full of cash to a fake Palestinian owner and taking it back afterwards.[9] Al Watan denied the charges.[9]


  1. ^ Goldberg, Giora (1993). Ben-Zadok, Efraim (ed.). Gush Emunim New Settlements in the West Bank: From Social Movement to Regional Interest Group. Local communities and the Israeli polity: conflict of values and interests. SUNY series in Israeli studies. SUNY Press. p. 199. ISBN 9780791415610. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  2. ^ Myron J. Aronoff (1989). Israeli Visions and Divisions. Transaction Publishers. p. 83. ISBN 9780887382550. Retrieved November 18, 2011. amana settlement movement.
  3. ^ a b "אמנה - תנועת ההתיישבות - about us". Archived from the original on October 22, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  4. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
  5. ^ Yishai, Yael (1987). Land or peace: whither Israel?. Hoover Press publication, Volume 352. Hoover Press. p. 120. ISBN 9780817985233. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  6. ^ Kass, Ilana; O'Neill, Bard E. (1997). The deadly embrace: the impact of Israeli and Palestinian rejectionism on the peace process. University Press of America. ISBN 9780761805359. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  7. ^ Kellerman, Aharon (1993). Society and settlement: Jewish land of Israel in the twentieth century. SUNY Press. p. 93. Retrieved 18 November 2011. amana settlement movement
  8. ^ Gideon, Aran (1994). Marty, Martin E.; Appleby, R. Scott (eds.). Jewish Zionist Fundamentalism: The Bloc of the Faithful in Israel (Gush Emunim). Fundamentalisms Observed. The Fundamentalism Project. Vol. 1. University of Chicago Press for the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. p. 282. ISBN 9780226508788. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c Levinson, Chaim (1 February 2016). "Almost All West Bank Land Deals for Illegal Settlements Forged, Investigation Finds". Haaretz.

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