Agdash, Azerbaijan

40°39′00″N 47°28′34″E / 40.65000°N 47.47611°E / 40.65000; 47.47611

Agdash Private Turkish College
Agdash Private Turkish College
Agdash is located in Azerbaijan
Coordinates: 40°39′00″N 47°28′34″E / 40.65000°N 47.47611°E / 40.65000; 47.47611
City status1900
40 m (130 ft)
 • Total25,345
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (AZT)
Postal code
AZ 03000
Area code+994 193
Vehicle registration03

Agdash (Azerbaijani: Ağdaş), known as Arash (Ərəş) until 1919, is a city in and the capital of the Agdash District of Azerbaijan. Agdash suffered considerable damage during the June 4, 1999 earthquake[1] but has since been thoroughly repaired.


At the beginning of the 19th century, Uchgovag, a small village, in the Agdash district of the Shaki Khanate, was later called Agdash.

In 1819, Shaki province was established in the place of the Shaki Khanate.[2] Later, in accordance with the "Administrative reform law in the Transcaucasia" dated April 22(10), 1840, the province of Sheki was part of Kaspi Province, and after that, it was called “Shakinsky Uyezd” (administrative units).[2] After the abolishment of Kaspi Province in 1846, Shakinsky Uyezd remained in the Shamakhi governorate (since 1859, it was called the Baku province)[3] which was previously established in the Kaspi Province, but later, Shakinsky Uyezd was removed from the Baku province and joined the newly established Yelizavetpol Province at the end of 1867. At that time, Shakinsky Uyezd was officially called Nukha Uyezd in accordance with the name of the administrative centre.[4] In 1873 a part of the territory of the Nukha Uyezd was separated into another uezd ("county") known as the Aresh uezd of the Elizavetpol Governorate.[5]


In 1887, the head of the Lodz Kontory, Ramendik came to Agdash and he opened Cotton fields, set up 4 cotton-machine tools made in China and a press for the initial processing and packaging of cotton. There were seven factories, consisting of cotton- Chinese machines in Agdash, in 1897. 3100 poods of cotton were sold in the Agdash market In 1888, and in 1892 this number reached 28,000 poods.

At the end of the 19th century, Agdash became the centre of cotton production, processing and sale in the whole Caucasus. Therefore, the first congress of Caucasian cotton growers was held in Agdash in 1904.[6]


One of the first educational institutions opened in Azerbaijan was the Russian-Tatar school founded by educator Suleyman Gayibov in Agdash on October 25, 1882. It is not accidental that one of the three schools in Azerbaijan at that time was opened in Agdash. Because before that, there were up to 20 madrasahs in Agdash until that time which gave education to people.[6]

The status of the city was given to Agdash village, in 1900. At the beginning of the 20th century, educational institutions operated in Agdash such as the "Nəşri-Maarif" -society, reading-room, "Saadat" girls' school, "Darulirfan" and "Rushdiye". Educators such as Mukhtar Afandizade, Donat Mammadzadeh, Hasan Efendiyev worked in these institutions.[6]


  1. ^ "". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "NATIONAL EMBLEM : The emblems of provinces" (PDF).
  3. ^ "NATIONAL EMBLEM : Baku Governorate" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Administrative territorial reforms in Caucasus in middle and second half of 19th century". Retrieved 2011-08-09.
  5. ^ "Elisabethpol (Ganja) Governorate : Administrative division" (PDF).
  6. ^ a b c "In Azerbaijani-İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF).

External links

  • Agdash, Azerbaijan at GEOnet Names Server
  • Azerbaijan with Excursions to Georgia, 3rd edition p237 by Mark Elliott published by Trailblazer, 2004
  • World Gazetteer: Azerbaijan[dead link] –
  • Agdash Town News site
  • Unofficial Site
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