Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester

Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester (Transnistria)

  • Unitățile Administrativ-Teritoriale din stînga Nistrului (Transnistria) (Romanian)

  • Административно-территориальные единицы левобережья Днестра (Приднестровья) (Russian)

  • Автономні територіальні утворення з особливим правовим статусом Придністров'я (Придністров'я) (Ukrainian)
Location and extent of the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester (red) within Moldova.
Location and extent of the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester (red) within Moldova.
StatusGovernment in exile
CapitalTiraspol (claimed)
Languages
GovernmentAutonomous region
• Chairman of the Supreme Council
Vacant
LegislatureSupreme Council
Autonomous territorial unit of Moldova
• Created
27 July 2005[4]
Area
• Total
4,163 km2 (1,607 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.35
Population
• 2014 estimate
505,153[5]
• 2004 census
555,347
• Density
124.6/km2 (322.7/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+373
Internet TLD.md
  1. In Moldova, Romanian is also known as Moldovan.

The Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester (Transnistria)[a] is a formal administrative unit of Moldova established by the Government of Moldova to delineate the territory controlled by the unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (commonly known as Transnistria).

History

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Transnistria War broke out between the Republic of Moldova and the unrecognized state Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic over territories of the former Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. Since the end of the war there has been territory claimed by Moldova, but controlled by the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic. There is also territory claimed by the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, which is controlled by Moldova.

On 22 July 2005, the autonomous territorial unit with special legal status was established in Moldovan law.[4]

Territory

The territory of the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester mostly coincides with territory of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Transnistria), but there are two important differences:[6][7]

  • Bender (Tighina) is included in the unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (commonly known as Transnistria), but it is excluded from the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester and is part of the historical region of Bessarabia.
  • Territories which are claimed by Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic but controlled by Moldova are excluded from the autonomous territorial unit. These territories include parts of the Dubăsari District, Căușeni District, and Anenii Noi District.

Settlements

There are 147 settlements in Transnistria (settlements on the east bank of the Dniester river): one municipality, nine towns, two settlements which are parts of towns, 69 villages (communes), and 135 settlements which are parts of villages (communes).[6]

Administration

The law which establishes the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester states that the region is to elect a Supreme Council on the basis of free, transparent and democratic elections. The Supreme Council should then adopt a Basic Law to formally establish the executive institutions of the region. The region has the right to adopt its own symbols to be used in conjunction with the national symbols of Moldova. The official languages of the region are Moldovan in the Latin script, Russian and Ukrainian. The region would be able to establish relationships with other countries for economic, technical, scientific and humanitarian purposes.[8]

Notes

  1. ^ Romanian: Unitățile Administrativ-Teritoriale din stînga Nistrului (Transnistria); Russian: Административно-территориальные единицы левобережья Днестра (Приднестровья); Ukrainian: Автономне територіальне утворення з особливим правовим статусом Придністров'я (Придністров'я)

References

  1. ^ Roudik, Peter (23 December 2013). "Moldova: Romanian Recognized as the Official Language". Law Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  2. ^ "The text of the Declaration of Independence prevails over the text of the Constitution". Constitutional Court of Moldova. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  3. ^ Law № 173 from 22.07.2005: "About main notes about special legal status of settlements of left bank of Dnestr (Transnistria)" - Article 6: in Romanian; in Russian.
  4. ^ a b Law № 173 from 22.07.2005 "About main notes about special legal status of settlements of left bank of Dnestr (Transnistria)" - Article 3: in Romanian; in Russian.
  5. ^ "Moldova". Citypopulation. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  6. ^ a b Law No. 764 from 27.12.2001 "About administrative-territorial division of Republic of Moldova" - Appendix 5: Romanian, Russian
  7. ^ Evoluţia delimitării teritorial-administrative a Republicii Moldova: de la centralizare la recentralizare
  8. ^ (In Romanian) Law No. 173 from 22.07.2005 "About main notes about special legal status of settlements of left bank of Dnestr (Transnistria)"

External links

  • (In Romanian) Law No. 173 from 22.07.2005 "About main notes about special legal status of settlements of left bank of Dnestr (Transnistria)"
  • (In Russian) Law No. 173 from 22.07.2005 "About main notes about special legal status of settlements of left bank of Dnestr (Transnistria)"
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