2016 Palauan general election

2016 Palauan general election

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Presidential election
  Tommy Remengesau 2016.jpg 2021.03.30 中華民國總統蔡英文接見帛琉總統惠恕仁伉儷訪團 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Tommy Remengesau Surangel Whipps Jr.
Party Independent Independent
Popular vote 5,129 4,865
Percentage 51.32% 48.68%
Vice Presidential election
  Secretary Pompeo Meets With Palau Vice President Oilouch (48461558186) (cropped).jpg Noimage.png
Nominee Raynold Oilouch Yositaka Adachi
Party Independent Independent
Popular vote 5,222 4,646
Percentage 52.92% 47.08%

President before election

Tommy Remengesau
Independent

Elected President

Tommy Remengesau
Independent

General elections were held in Palau on 1 November 2016 to elect a President and the National Congress.[1] Incumbent President Tommy Remengesau was challenged by his brother-in-law, Surangel Whipps Jr. for the presidency,[2] emerging as the top two in the primary elections on 27 September.[2] Remengesau was subsequently re-elected with 51% of the vote.[3]

Electoral system

The President and Vice President were elected using the two-round system.[4] The 16 members of the House of Delegates were elected in single-member constituencies based on the states using first-past-the-post voting.[5] The 13 members of the Senate were elected from a single nationwide constituency by block voting, with each voter having 13 votes to cast.[6] The number of Senators elected to the Palau National Congress was planned to be reduced to 11 from the previous 13 for the 2016 general election, but this decision was reversed.[7]

Presidential candidates

Four candidates had declared their intention to seek the presidency in 2016, including Remengesau, who was seeking re-election.

Campaign

The deadline to file nominating petitions for a presidential run was 3 August.[9]

President Tommy Remengesau declared his candidacy for re-election on 1 March at a campaign kick-off held at the Ngarachamayong Cultural Center.[10] Senator Surangel Whipps Jr., who began campaigning for president in 2015 and announced his candidacy earlier in the year, became the first candidate to file his candidacy with the Palau Elections Commission Office on 20 July 2016.[9][11] Sandra Pierantozzi, the former Vice President under Remengesau, was the only woman to enter the race.[8]

A presidential debate with all four candidates was held on 17 August 2016, at the Palau Community College (PCC). The debate was jointly sponsored by the Palau Media Council and the Palau Community College.[12]

Results

President

The presidential primaries were held on 27 September, with Remengesau and Whipps Jr. finishing as the top two to advance to the general election on 1 November.[2] Following their losses in the primaries, Sandra Pierantozzi and Antonio Bells both endorsed Whipps Jr.[13]

Early results released on 2 November initially showed Whipps leading with 1,832 votes, with incumbent President Remengesau trailing with 1,667 votes.[7] However, by 4 November, Remengesau had regained a slim lead with 4,108 votes, while Whipps trailed by just 78 votes, or 4,030 votes.[14] The was decided by the absentee ballots,[14] which the Palau Election Commission said would be counted after 8 November.[14] Elenita Bennie Brel, the administrator of the national Election Service, announced that final results for the presidential would not be known until later in November, since absentee and provisional ballots would be sorted and counted in the presence of representatives of both presidential campaigns.[14] Bennie Brel explained, "We want to make this election very fair and transparent for everyone who has concern and wants to come in. So after November 8 the counting of the absentee ballots and then it takes another 15 days for the board [of the electoral commission] to certify them." On 10 November it was announced that Remengesau had been re-elected.[15]

CandidatePrimaryGeneral
Votes%Votes%
Tommy Remengesau4,94950.415,12951.32
Surangel Whipps Jr.3,76238.324,86548.68
Sandra Pierantozzi8338.48
Antonio Bells2742.79
Total9,818100.009,994100.00
Registered voters/turnout15,890
Source: President of Palau, Palau Embassy

Vice President

CandidatePrimaryGeneral
Votes%Votes%
Raynold Oilouch4,55346.705,22252.92
Yositaka Adachi3,00130.784,64647.08
Mlib Tmetuchl2,19522.52
Total9,749100.009,868100.00
Registered voters/turnout15,890
Source: President of Palau, Palau Embassy

Senate

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Independents105,530100.00130
Total105,530100.00130
Registered voters/turnout15,890
Source: Palau Embassy, IPU

House of Delegates

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Independents8,283100.00160
Total8,283100.00160
Registered voters/turnout15,890
Source: Palau Embassy, IPU

References

  1. ^ Election Dates Palau Election Commission
  2. ^ a b c "Palau island election: Brothers-in-law vying for presidency". The Independent. 2016-10-31. Archived from the original on 2022-05-01. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  3. ^ Palau President Remengesau Narrowly Wins Reelection PI Report, 11 October 2016
  4. ^ Palau IFES
  5. ^ "IPU PARLINE database: PALAU (House of Delegates), Electoral system". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2020-11-04.
  6. ^ "IPU PARLINE database: PALAU (Senate), Electoral system". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2020-11-04.
  7. ^ a b "Whipps leads Remengesau in Palau early results". Radio New Zealand International. 2016-11-02. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  8. ^ a b Todiño, Junhan B. (2016-09-12). "Woman Presidential Candidate In Palau Faces Tough Odds In Election". Marianas Variety (Pacific Islands Report). Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  9. ^ a b Carreon, Bernadette H. (2016-07-20). "Surangel Whipps Jr. Officially Throws Hat Into Palau Presidential Race". Pacific Note. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  10. ^ "Palau President Declares Candidacy For November Election". Pacific Islands Report. 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  11. ^ "Surangel Whipps Jr. to run for Palau president". Marianas Variety (Pacific Islands Report). 2016-07-22. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  12. ^ Carreon, Bernadette H. (2016-08-31). "Palau presidential candidates spar in debate". Guam Daily Post. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  13. ^ Carreon, Bernadette H. (2016-11-06). "Palau election too close to call, Results to be decided by overseas ballots". Guam Daily Post. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
  14. ^ a b c d "Slim lead for incumbent in Palau election - Absentee votes to decide result". Radio New Zealand International. 2016-11-04. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  15. ^ "Remengesau holds on to Palau presidency". Radio New Zealand. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2016.
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