Îlet la Mère

Îlet la Mère
Island
The wharf at Îlet la Mère
The wharf at Îlet la Mère
Îlet la Mère is located in French Guiana
Îlet la Mère
Îlet la Mère
Location in French Guiana
Coordinates: 4°53′31″N 52°11′04″W / 4.89200°N 52.18441°W / 4.89200; -52.18441Coordinates: 4°53′31″N 52°11′04″W / 4.89200°N 52.18441°W / 4.89200; -52.18441
CountryFrance
Overseas regionFrench Guiana
ArrondissementCayenne
CommuneCayenne
Area
[1]
 • Total0.49 km2 (0.19 sq mi)
Population
 (1934)[1]
 • Total0

Îlet la Mère is the biggest island of the Rémire islands [fr] in the Atlantic Ocean. It is part of the commune of Cayenne, French Guiana.[2] The island is located 11 kilometres off the coast.[3] Îlet la Mère was the location of a penal colony from 1852 until 1875. Between 1981 and 2001, it was home to a monkey farm operated by the Pasteur Institute.[1] Since 28 December 2000, the island is a protected area and managed by Conservatoire du littoral.[2]

History

Îlet la Mère was originally inhabited by Amerindians. In 1643, Jesuits settled on the island.[4] In 1776, they left the island, and it became a leprosy colony.[1] A hospital was built on the island to treat the lepers.[5] In 1786, the site was abandoned.[1]

In 1852,[1] Îlet la Mère became a penal colony for political prisoners, and is one of the oldest prisons of the bagne. 70 buildings were constructed to house the prisoners, and up to 600 prisoners were put to work on the island. In 1875, yellow fever ravished the island, and the penal colony was closed.[3] The ruins are still visible on the island.[1]

In 1923,[1] Îlet la Mère was rented from the French Government[5] by the wife of Duez,[1] a former prisoner. She built a farm with her husband. The island was used for animal husbandry and producing fruit. A workforce of about 20 prisoners was employed to work the land.[5] The farm closed in 1933.[1]

Squirrel monkeys on Îlet la Mère

In 1981, the Pasteur Institute began using the island as a research facility. They set out to built a monkey farm with squirrel monkeys. The monkeys were used to create an antiserum to treat malaria.[4]

On 28 December 2000, Îlet la Mère became a protected area managed by Conservatoire du littoral.[2] The island was opened to the public in 2007, and a 3.5 kilometre path has been constructed to see the sites on the island. The monkeys are still present, and are not shy of human visitors.[6] The island can be reached from Wayki village, Remire-Montjoly. The boat trip will take about one hour.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Îlet la Mère" (PDF). Ville Cayenne (in French). Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Sites & Espaces Protégée" (PDF). Government of French Guiana (in French). p. 58. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Histoire et Généalogie des bagnes". Guyanologie.fr (in French). Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b "L'îlet la Mère". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  5. ^ a b c "L'îlet la Mère". Ville Cayenne (in French). Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Visiter l'îlet la Mère". Jumbo Car Guyane (in French). Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Nos prestations - Ilet la Mère". Ilet-la-mere (in French). Retrieved 13 March 2021.

External links

  • Ilet-la-Mere.com (in French)
  • Media related to Îlet la Mère at Wikimedia Commons
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